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Table 4 The results of screening kdr mutations in the field populations of An. stepehsni from Kunar, Laghman and Nangarhar Provinces collected from Afghanistan in 2017

From: Status of insecticide resistance and its biochemical and molecular mechanisms in Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae) from Afghanistan

Strain Dead/alive after bioassay Kdr-west, homozygote Kdr-west heterozygote Kdr-east homozygote Kdr-east heterozygote Wild type homozygote Subtotal
Laghman Alive 1 2 1 6 12 22
Dead 0 0 0 12 27 39
Kunar Alive 1 1 1 4 13 20
Dead 0 1 1 8 34 44
Nangarhar Alive 1 1 1 8 9 20
Dead 0 0 0 10 25 35
Subtotal   3 5 4 48 120 180