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Table 5 Chi square test of association of socio-demographic characteristics of dispensers and dispensing practices

From: Dispensing practices for anti-malarials in the La Nkwantanang-Madina municipality, Greater Accra, Ghana: a cross-sectional study

VariablesDispensing practicesχ2p-value
AppropriateInappropriate
Frequency%Frequency%
Age group
 15–241411.61110.08.050.184
 25–345949.25852.7
 35–442924.23632.7
 45+1815.054.6
 Total121100.0110100.0  
SexN = 120 N = 110   
 Male3428.33330.00.080.802
 Female8671.77770.0
Educational levelN = 120 N = 110   
 None1.470.577
 Primary10.8
 Secondary4235.03632.7
 Tertiary7663.37265.5
 Vocational/technical10.821.8  
NHIS statusN = 120 N = 110   
 Have NHIS5949.23733.65.690.048*
 Not have NHIS6251.27366.4
Professional categoryN = 120 N = 110   
 Pharmacist1411.81513.66.510.239
 Medicine Counter Assistant8571.48880.0
 Pharmacy Technician65.021.8
 Pharmacy Intern119.232.7
 Other32.521.8
Years of experienceN = 119 N = 110   
 < 2 years2825.01414.63.730.535
 3–5 years4136.63940.6  
 6–9 years3127.72930.2  
 > 10 years1210.71414.6  
Marital statusN = 112 N = 96   
 Single8268.35751.86.550.046*
 Married38N = 12031.753N = 11048.2  
Access to wall chart
 Yes1310.82421.85.130.095
 No10789.28678.2
Access to reference materialN = 120 N = 110   
 Yes5344.27164.59.590.02*
 No6755.83935.5
Supervisory visitsN = 120 N = 110   
 Once4840.05852.710.710.127
 Twice4033.32018.2
 Three times32.554.6
 More than 332.500
 Can’t remember2621.72724.6  
RecommenderN = 120 N = 110   
 Dispenser6755.86357.316.540.024*
 Relative1613.354.6
 Friend21.700
 Self1613.33027.3
 Media0021.8
 Unspecified1915.8109.1
Awareness of guidelinesN = 120 N = 110   
 Yes11293.39283.65.380.019*
 No86.71816.4  
In-service training (last 12 months)N = 120 N = 110   
 Yes2420.03632.74.860.259
 No7058.35348.2  
 Can’t remember26N = 12021.721N = 11019.1  
  1. Statistically significant associations are marked with *