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Table 1 Characteristics of the 28 included papers

From: The impact of community-delivered models of malaria control and elimination: a systematic review

Author Country Malaria transmission Design Model Malaria (M) or malaria plus (M+) Malaria intervention delivered
Linn et al. [36] Myanmar Endemica Retrospective cohort tCHW M Parasitological dx + Tx + referral + BCC
Alonso et al. [57] Gambia Holo-endemica Quasi-experiment with control tCHW M ITN + parasitological dx + Tx + referral + BCC
Delacollette et al. [40] Zaire (Congo) Meso-endemica Quasi-experiment with control tCHW M ITN + chemoprohylaxis
Greenwood et al. [41] Gambia Seasonala Quasi-experiment with control tCHW M IPTc
Hamainza et al. [46] Zambia Perenniala Quasi-experiment with control tCHW M ITN + parasitological dx + Tx + referral
Linn et al. [44] Senegal Pf API ≥ 0.1/1000 pab Quasi-experiment with control tCHW M Parasitological dx + Tx + referral + BCC
Littrell et al. [35] Cameroon Endemic and perenniala Quasi-experiment with control tCHW M Parasitological dx + Tx + referral
Mbonye et al. [56] Uganda Hyper-endemica Quasi-experiment with control tCHW M Presumptive dx + Tx + referral
Mbonye et al. [32] Uganda Hyper-endemica Quasi-experiment with control tCHW M Presumptive dx + Tx + referral
Msyamboza [47] Malawi Pf API ≥ 0.1/1000 pab Quasi-experiment with control tCHW M ITN + IRS + parasitological dx + Tx + referral
Ndyomugyenyi et al. [58] Uganda Pf API ≥ 0.1/1000 pab Quasi-experiment with control tCHW M Presumptive dx + Tx + referral
Tiono et al. [45] Burkina Faso Seasonala Quasi-experiment with control tCHW M Parasitological dx + Tx
Das et al. [26] India API > 5/1000 paa Cluster randomized trial tCHW M Presumptive dx + Tx + chemoprophylaxis
Eriksen et al. [49] Tanzania Holo-endemica Cluster randomized trial tCHW M IPTp + BCC
Kweku et al. [34] Ghana Pf API ≥ 0.1 per 1000 pab Cluster randomized trial tCHW M Presumptive dx + Tx + referral + BCC
Lemma et al. [43] Ethiopia Hypo-endemica Cluster randomized trial tCHW M ITN + BCC
Ohnmar et al. [30] Myanmar Endemica Cluster randomized trial tCHW M Parasitological dx + Tx + referral
Patouillard et al. [33] Ghana Seasonala Cluster randomized trial tCHW M ITN + presumptive dx + Tx + referral + BCC
Abegunde et al. [27] Nigeria High perenniala Case–control study iCCM M+c ITN + parasitological dx + Tx + referral + BCC + IPTp
Brenner et al. [28] Uganda Pf API ≥ 0.1 per 1000 pab Quasi-experiment with control iCCM M+d Parasitological dx + Tx + referral + BCC
Mubiru et al. [38] Uganda Pf API ≥ 0.1 per 1000 pab Quasi-experiment with control iCCM M+d Parasitological dx + Tx + referral + BCC
Nsungwa-Sabiiti et al. [37] Uganda Holo-endemic to hyper-endemica Quasi-experiment with control HMM M+d Parasitological dx + Tx + referral + BCC
Thiam et al. [42] Senegal Pf API ≥ 0.1 per 1000 pab Quasi-experiment with control HMM M+d Presumptive dx + Tx + referral + BCC
Tobin-West et al. [31] Nigeria Pf API ≥ 0.1 per 1000 pab Quasi-experiment with control HMM M+e Parasitological dx + Tx + referral + BCC
Chinbuah et al. [48] Ghana, Guinea Perenniala Cluster randomized trial HMM M+f Presumptive dx + Tx + referral + BCC
Kidane and Morrow [59] Ethiopia Hyper-endemica Cluster randomized trial HMM M Presumptive dx + Tx + referral + BCC
Kouyaté et al. [39] Burkina Faso Holo-endemica Cluster randomized trial HMM M Parasitological dx + Tx + referral + BCC
The CDI Study Group [29] Cameroon, Nigeria and Uganda Pf API ≥ 0.1 per 1000 pab Cluster randomized trial HMM M+g ITN, presumptive dx + Tx
  1. pa, per annum; BCC, behavioural change communication/health education activities; Chemoprophylaxis, provision of malaria chemoprophylaxis; IPTc, intermittent preventive treatment (children); IPTp, intermittent preventive treatment (pregnant mothers); IRS, indoor residual spraying; ITN, long-lasting insecticidal nets or insecticide treated net distribution and/or organization for distribution by CHW and/or net dipping; Presumptive dx, malaria diagnosis by clinical signs and symptoms by CHWs; Parasitological dx, malaria diagnosis by a parasitological method either rapid diagnostic test, microscopy or polymerase chain reaction or others by CHWs; Referral, referral of malaria cases as per the guidelines; Tx, malaria treatment by CHWs
  2. aSelf-reported in the paper
  3. bDerived from Malaria Atlas Project [21] Map
  4. cPrimary health care
  5. dPneumonia, diarrhoea
  6. ePneumonia, diarrhoea, malnutrition
  7. fDiarrhoea
  8. gVitamin A supplementation, Short-course, directly-observed treatment for Tuberculosis, Ivermectin distribution