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Table 5 Univariate GEE models measuring associations between attitudes and environmental factors with binary net care practices

From: Bed net care practices and associated factors in western Kenya

Attitudes and environmental factors Highlands Lowlands
Storage Wash FreqA Storage Wash FreqA Dry location
Knowledge of appropriate care    0.86 (0.80, 0.92)   0.86 (0.80, 0.92)
Perception of malaria risk    1.03 (1.02, 1.05)   
Confidence to prevent malaria 1.06 (1.02, 1.11)   1.08 (1.04, 1.13)   
Net user
 Child < 5 0.92 (0.86, 0.99)   0.93 (0.87, 0.98)   
 Child 6–18    0.91 (0.85, 0.97)   
 Adult male 19–50      
 Adult female 19–50      
 Adult male > 50   0.93 (0.91, 0.96)    
 Adult female > 50 1.27 (1.14, 1.40)     
 Ability to buy net    1.10 (1.01, 1.20) 1.15 (1.04, 1.29)  
Source of net care knowledge
 Clinic    0.87 (0.82, 0.93)   1.10 (1.02, 1.19)
 Community event 0.87 (0.81, 0.93) 0.93 (0.90, 0.96) 1.24 (1.17, 1.33) 1.07 (1.01, 1.13) 0.87 (0.81, 0.94)
 Net distribution 1.20 (1.09, 1.33)     
 Universal Access (1 net: 2 people)    1.11 (1.03, 1.19)   
 Number of trees around compound N/A N/A N/A N/A  
Sleeping structure attributes
 Earth floors 1.07 (1.01, 1.14)     1.14 (1.04, 1.26)
 Animals occupy sleeping structure 1.13 (1.03, 1.24) 0.95 (0.92, 0.97) 0.92 (0.86, 0.99)   
  1. Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals)
  2. AAdjusted for net age; italic indicates associations with better adherence, underline indicates associations with worse adherence, White space indicates no association. N/A indicates not applicable