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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of study participants according to HIV infection status

From: HIV infection drives IgM and IgG3 subclass bias in Plasmodium falciparum-specific and total immunoglobulin concentration in Western Kenya

  HIV-negative HIV-positive p value
Number of participants (N) 52 138  
Age, median (IQR) 24.6 (21.6, 32.2) 29.4 (25.3, 36.2) < 0.001
Female sex, N (%) 25 (48.1) 84 (60.9) 0.11
Malaria Positive, N (%) 3 (5.8) 12 (8.6) 0.55
Bed net use, N (%) 43 (84.3)a 107 (84.3)b 0.99
CRP, g/dL, median (IQR) 0.52 (0.27, 1.15) 4.72 (0.867, 26.12) < 0.0001
CD4, cells/mL, median (IQR) 301 (180, 476)c
CD4 < 200, N (%) 42 (30.7)
HIV-1 Viral load, copies/mL, median (IQR) 50,370 (14,546–198,155)c
  1. p-value comparing HIV-negative vs. HIV-positive participants from Chi square for proportions (female sex, malaria positive, CD4+ counts < 200), and Mann–Whitney test for medians (CRP concentrations and age)
  2. Statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) are displayed in italics
  3. IQR interquartile range: 25th percentile–75th percentile
  4. aN = 51
  5. bN = 136
  6. cN = 137