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Table 2 Performance of mid-infrared spectroscopy coupled with logistic regression, and the RDT (i.e. SD BIOLINE malaria Ag P.f/Pan 05FK60), both compared to PCR for identifying Plasmodium falciparum-infected individuals from the validation set

From: Detection of malaria parasites in dried human blood spots using mid-infrared spectroscopy and logistic regression analysis

   PCR Total % sensitivity % specificity % positive predictive value % negative predictive value
Positive Negative
Mid-infrared spectroscopy and machine learning (MIR-ML)  Positive 26 2 28 92.8 91.7 92.8 91.7
 Negative 2 22 24
  28 24 52     
   Positive Negative   % sensitivity % specificity % positive predictive value % negative predictive value
SD BIOLINE malaria Ag P.f/Pan 05FK60 RDT  Positive 120 27 147 97.6 84.4 86.0 97.2
 Negative 3 146 149
  123 173 296