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Table 2 Modelled test-positivity difference with 95% limits of agreement between children and pregnant women attending ANC at different levels of ANC test-positivity

From: The potential of pregnant women as a sentinel population for malaria surveillance

ANC test- positivity (%)SMPSaMISMAP
SeasonalPerennialSeasonalPerennial
RuralSemi-urbanUrbanRuralSemi-urbanUrban
00.48 (− 5.37; 6.33)− 0.29 (− 7.05; 6.47)− 0.45 (− 4.41; 3.51)29.30 (4.17; 54.43)10.18 (− 16.19; 36.56)4.24 (− 10.91; 19.39)− 0.29 (− 1.39; 0.81)4.83 (1.94; 7.72)6.36 (− 0.65; 13.38)
58.07 (− 6.91; 23.04)7.29 (− 8.59; 23.18)7.13 (− 5.95; 20.22)28.49 (1.52; 55.45)9.37 (− 18.84; 37.58)3.42 (− 13.56; 20.41)3.20 (− 4.98; 11.39)0.56 (− 2.43; 3.56)2.10 (− 5.02; 9.21)
1015.66 (− 8.45; 39.76)14.88 (− 10.13; 39.89) 27.67 (− 1.13; 56.48)8.56 (− 21.49; 38.61)2.61 (− 16.21; 21.44)6.70 (− 8.57; 21.96)− 3.70 (− 6.8; − 0.61)− 2.17 (− 9.39; 5.05)
1523.24 (− 9.98; 56.47)  26.86 (− 3.78; 57.50)7.74 (− 24.14; 39.63) 10.19 (− 12.15; 32.54)− 7.97 (− 11.17; − 4.77)− 6.44 (− 13.76; 0.88)
2030.83 (− 11.52; 73.18)  26.05 (− 6.43; 58.53)6.93 (− 26.79; 40.65) 13.69 (− 15.74; 43.11)− 12.24 (− 15.54; − 8.94)− 10.71 (− 18.13; − 3.28)
25   25.23 (− 9.08; 59.55)   − 16.51 (− 19.91; − 13.1)− 14.98 (− 22.5; − 7.45)
30   24.42 (− 11.73; 60.57)    − 19.24 (− 26.87; − 11.61)
35   23.61 (− 14.38; 61.60)     
40   22.80 (− 17.03; 62.62)     
  1. The 95% limits of agreement represent the range in which 95% of the individual school children prevalence − ANC test-positivity differences are expected to lie
  2. aNormalized for ITN usage in school children