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Table 3 Among countries with over 10% of purchased nets: factors associated with household ownership of at least 1 purchased net

From: Who buys nets? Factors associated with ownership and use of purchased mosquito nets in sub-Saharan Africa

Country/data sourceAngola 2015–2016 DHSMadagascar 2016 MISMalawi 2017 MISMali 2015 MISTanzania 2017 MISUganda 2016 DHSZimbabwe 2015 DHS
Odds of households owning a purchased net: aORa (95% CI)
 Gender of head of household (ref: male)
  Female0.9 (0.8,1.1)1.1 (0.9,1.4)1.1 (0.9,1.3)0.7 (0.5,1.0)1.1 (0.8,1.3)1.0 (0.9,1.2)1.1 (0.9,1.2)
 Age of head of household in years (ref: < 35)
  35–590.9 (0.7,1.1)0.8 (0.6,1.0)1.4 (1.1,1.6)1.1 (0.8,1.5)0.9 (0.7,1.1)0.9 (0.7,1.0)1.4 (1.1,1.6)
  60+0.8 (0.5,1.1)0.6 (0.4,0.9)1.2 (0.9,1.5)1.2 (0.9,1.6)1.0 (0.7,1.4)0.7 (0.6,0.9)1.3 (0.9,1.8)
 Education of head of household (ref: none)
  Primary1.4 (1.0,1.9)n/ab1.0 (0.8,1.3)n/abn/ab0.9 (0.7,1.2)1.3 (0.7,2.5)
  ≥ Secondary1.7 (1.2,2.3)n/ab1.6 (1.2,2.1)n/abn/ab1.7 (1.3,2.3)1.7 (0.9,3.3)
 Household size (ref: 1–3)
  4–61.1 (0.8,1.4)1.1 (0.8,1.4)1.0 (0.8,1.3)0.6 (0.4,0.9)0.9 (0.7,1.1)1.0 (0.8,1.2)0.9 (0.7,1.2)
  7+1.0 (0.7,1.3)1.0 (0.7,1.4)1.0 (0.7,1.3)0.9 (0.6,1.4)1.2 (0.8,1.8)1.1 (0.9,1.3)0.9 (0.7,1.2)
 Presence of currently/recently pregnant woman (ref: no)
  Yes1.2 (1.0,1.4)1.2 (1.0,1.6)0.9 (0.8,1.1)1.1 (0.9,1.4)1.1 (0.9,1.4)1.1 (0.9,1.2)1.1 (0.9,1.3)
 Presence of a child under 5 years old (ref: no)
  Yes1.1 (0.9,1.2)1.2 (1.0,1.4)0.7 (0.6,0.8)0.8 (0.6,1.1)0.8 (0.6,1.0)0.9 (0.8,1.0)1.3 (1.1,1.6)
 Presence of a school aged child (ref: no)
  Yes0.9 (0.7,1.1)0.9 (0.7,1.1)0.8 (0.7,1.0)1.0 (0.8,1.4)0.8 (0.6,1.0)0.7 (0.6,0.9)1.2 (1.0,1.4)
 Residence (ref: rural)
  Urban1.5 (1.1,2.1)0.9 (0.7,1.3)1.6 (1.3,2.0)0.8 (0.5,1.2)1.6 (1.2,2.0)1.2 (1.0,1.5)2.1 (1.5,3.1)
 Wealth quintile (ref: poorest)
  Poorer1.7 (1.2,2.4)1.2 (0.8,2.0)1.5 (1.1,2.0)0.9 (0.5,1.5)1.2 (0.8,1.6)1.3 (1.1,1.7)1.5 (0.9,2.6)
  Middle3.6 (2.3,5.4)1.4 (0.9,2.1)2.4 (1.7,3.2)1.1 (0.7,1.8)1.6 (1.1,2.3)2.0 (1.5,2.5)3.7 (2.2,6.1)
  Richer4.47 (2.73,7.31)3.33 (2.15,5.16)3.83 (2.80,5.23)1.50 (0.94,2.40)4.23 (2.87,6.22)2.80 (2.13,3.69)6.58 (3.81,11.34)
  Richest3.3 (1.9,5.5)7.9 (5.0,13.0)10.5 (7.7,14.4)3.3 (1.9,5.7)10.9 (7.3,16.2)8.6 (6.4,11.5)8.5 (4.7,15.4)
  N of households with private nets170510582685970173129141654
  1. Italicized values are statistically significant with P < 0.05
  2. CI confidence interval, N- number, n/a not applicable, aOR adjusted odds ratio, ref reference
  3. aAdjusted for gender, age and education of head of household, household size, presence of currently/recently pregnant woman, child under 5 years old, or school aged child in the household, residence, wealth quintile and region (shown in Additional file 1: Table S2)
  4. bThere was no variable for education level of head of household in the dataset