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Table 1 VeneKlasen and Miller’s forms of power

From: Producing routine malaria data: an exploration of the micro-practices and processes shaping routine malaria data quality in frontline health facilities in Kenya

Forms of powerDefinition
Power overInvolves taking power from someone else, then using it to dominate or to prevent others from gaining it (normally has negative connotations)
Power withinHas to do with a person’s self-worth and self-knowledge (i.e. ability to recognize individual differences while respecting others)
Power toRefers to the unique potential of every person to shape his or her life and world
Power withInvolves finding common ground among different actors and building collective strength