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Table 3 Influential factors of the malaria cases at initial diagnosis

From: Management of imported malaria cases and healthcare institutions in central China, 2012–2017: application of decision tree analysis

Influential factorsInitial diagnosis (% or 95% CI)P value
MisdiagnosisCorrect diagnosis
Gender
 Female2 (40)3 (60)0.966
 Male187 (51.1)179 (48.9) 
Age (years)38.21 (36.82–39.59)37.72 (36.25–39.19)0.431
Malaria parasite type of patient infection
 Plasmodium falciparum163 (51.1)156 (48.9)0.123
 Plasmodium ovale16 (47.1)18 (52.9) 
 Plasmodium vivax5 (38.5)8 (61.5) 
 Plasmodium malariae5 (100)0 (0) 
Rank of healthcare facilities for the initial diagnosis
 Provincial healthcare institutions15 (12.5)105 (87.5)< 0.001
 Municipal healthcare institutions29 (39.2)45 (60.8) 
 County healthcare institutions32 (54.2)27 (45.8) 
 Township health centre14 (82.4)3 (17.6) 
 Village clinic45 (97.8)1 (2.2) 
 Private clinic54 (98.2)1 (1.8) 
Time interval between onset and initial diagnosis2.01 (1.14–2.88)4.87 (1.7–8.05)< 0.001
Days of taking medicine7.25 (6.83–7.67)6.22 (5.9–6.55)< 0.001