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Table 4 Influential factors for complications developed among the malaria cases

From: Management of imported malaria cases and healthcare institutions in central China, 2012–2017: application of decision tree analysis

Influential factorsComplications developed (% or 95% CI)P value
YesNo
Gender
 Female2 (40)3 (60)1
 Male115 (31.4)251 (68.6) 
Age (years)38.97 (37.29–40.64)37.51 (36.26–38.76)0.096
Malaria parasite type of patient infection
 Plasmodium falciparum109 (34.2)210 (65.8)0.034
 Plasmodium ovale7 (20.6)27 (79.4) 
 Plasmodium vivax1 (7.7)12 (92.3) 
 Plasmodium malariae0 (0)5 (100) 
Rank of healthcare facilities for the initial diagnosis
 Provincial healthcare institutions25 (20.8)95 (79.2)< 0.001
 Municipal healthcare institutions23 (31.1)51 (68.9) 
 County healthcare institutions16 (27.1)43 (72.9) 
 Township health centre8 (47.1)9 (52.9) 
 Village clinic10 (21.7)36 (78.3) 
 Private clinic35 (63.6)20 (36.4) 
Initial diagnosis
 Misdiagnosis84 (44.4)105 (55.6)< 0.001
 Correct diagnosis33 (18.1)149 (81.9) 
Time interval between onset and initial diagnosis1.62 (1.02–2.21)4.24 (1.90–6.59)0.052
Time interval between initial diagnosis and final diagnosis5.16 (4.08–6.25)3.17 (2.66–3.69)< 0.001
Time interval between onset and final diagnosis6.78 (5.57–7.99)7.42 (5.05–9.78)0.002
Time interval between onset and drug therapy5.69 (4.60–6.79)6.53 (4.16–8.90)0.001
Days of taking medicine7.71 (7.16–8.25)6.26 (5.97–6.54)< 0.001