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Table 1 Characteristics of studies included in the systematic review and meta-analysis

From: Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum field isolates with deletions in histidine-rich protein 2 and 3 genes in context with sub-Saharan Africa and India: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Authors Country Regions Origin of samples Collection period
Koita et al. [26] Mali Sirakoro (suburban village), Bancoumana and Donéguébougou (rural villages) Asymptomatic blood donors (adults 18 years) and symptomatic subjects (children 6 months to 9 years and adults > 18 years) 1996
Wurtz et al. [27] Senegal Dakar Symptomatic patients 2009–2012
Amoah et al. [28] Ghana Abura Dunkwa and Obon Healthy children 2015
Beshir et al. [29] Kenya Mbita (Wester area) Asymptomatic children aged 5–12 years Not specified
Gupta et al. [30] Mozambique Manhiça and Magude General population 2010–2016
Kozycki et al. [31] Rwanda Busogo (Northern Province), Rukara (Eastern Province) and Kibirizi (Southern Province) Health Centre Symptomatic patients 2014–2015
Menegon et al. [32] Eritrea Agordat, Barentu (Gash Barka region) and Medefera (Debub region) Patients (3–70 years) 2013–2014
Parr et al. [33] Democratic Republic of the Congo National (26 provinces) Mostly asymptomatic under 5 2013–2014
Ranadive et al. [34] Swaziland Lumumbo Patients (all age) 2012–2014
Berhane et al. [35] Eritrea Ghindae Hospital and Massawa Hospital in the Northern Red Sea Region Patients > 5 years old 2016
Nderu et al. [36] Kenya Matayos Health Centre in Busia County Patients (0.3–76 years) 2016
Willie et al. [37] Madagascar The western highlands fringe region of Madagascar, in the foothills between the central highlands and the tropical western coastal zone Patients 2014–2015
Funwei et al. [38] Nigeria Ibadan Febrile children (3–59 months) 2013–2014
Kobayashi et al. [39] Zambia Choma and Nchelenge Asymptomatic individuals 2009–2011 and 2015–2017
Mussa et al. [40] Sudan Omdurman city Patients 2018
Thomson et al. [41] Ghana, Tanzania and Uganda Kintampo (Ghana), Mbeya, Mtwara, and Mwanza regions (Tanzania), Jinja district (Uganda) Symptomatic patients (6–30 months)
Asymptomatic and symptomatic (≥ 6 months), symptomatic (all ages)
2009–2010; 2010; 2014–2015
Kumar et al. [42] India Chhattisgarh Patients 2010
Bharti et al. [43] India National (eight regions): Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Tripura Symptomatic patients aged above 5 years (pregnant women excluded) 2014
Pati et al. [44] India Odisha Symptomatic patients aged above 5 years (pregnant women excluded) 2013–2016