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Table 4 Predictors of adherence to Malaria RDT results among health care workers, Sokoto metropolis, Nigeria

From: Adherence to malaria rapid diagnostic test result among healthcare workers in Sokoto metropolis, Nigeria

CharacteristicsModel 1Model 2Model 3Model 4
COR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)
Age (years)
 < 351.08 (0.58–2.01)   
 ≥ 351 (ref.)   
Sex
 Male0.60 (0.33–1.11)   
 Female1 (ref.)   
Facility type
 Primary1.42 (0.73–2.74)   
 Secondary1 (ref.)   
Years of practice
 < 50.10 (0.54–1.84)   
 ≥ 51 (ref.)   
Professional qualification
 Certificate4.38 (1.31–14.61)4.38 (1.31–14.61) 3.59 (0.10–12.10)
 Diploma2.28 (1.10–4.73)2.28 (1.10–4.73)* 1.89 (0.83–4.14)
 Degree/HND1 (ref.)1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)
Cadre
 CHW1 (ref.)   
 Doctors/Nurses0.90 (0.44–1.83)   
 Med. Lab/Pharm tech0.57 (0.26–1.25)   
Had training on malaria case management
 Yes3.07 (1.54–6.08) 2.58 (1.26–5.29)*2.63 (1.26–5.44)*
 No1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)1 (ref.)
mRDT stock level in the facility influenced prescription
 Yes0.86 (0.39–1.91)   
 No1 (ref.)   
Presence of fever in the patient influenced prescription
 Yes4.59 (2.29–9.21) 2.83 (1.33–5.98)*2.53 (1.18–5.43)*
 No1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)1 (ref.)
Patients expectations to be given antimalarial influenced prescription
 Yes4.36 (2.12–8.95) 3.18 (1.48–6.80)*3.06 (1.42–6.58)*
 No1 (ref.) 1 (ref.)1 (ref.)
Clinical judgement of the HCW influenced prescription
 Yes1.46 (0.64–3.33)   
 No1 (ref.)   
Availability of alternative diagnostic tool (microscopy)
 Yes1.60 (0.76–3.37)   
 No1 (ref.)   
  1. Hosmer–Lemeshow p value = 0.185
  2. COR crude odds ratio, OR odds ratio, aOR adjusted odds ratio, Ref reference category = 1
  3. Significant at 10%; * p < 0.05