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Table 4 Risk factors of low birth weight

From: Coverage and effectiveness of intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy with sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) on adverse pregnancy outcomes in the Mount Cameroon area, South West Cameroon

VariableaCategoryLBW % (n)Unadjusted OR (95% CI)bAdjusted OR (95% CI)cp-value
SettingSemi-rural (190)12.1 (23)7.62 (2.59–22.52)5.29 (1.35–16.15)0.003
Semi-urban (79)1.8 (4)REFREF 
Age group (years)< 21 (79)6.3.(5)0.6 (0.20–1.86)0.84 (0.19–3.71)0.822
21–25 (128)10.2 (13)4.38.(1.79–10.71)2.22 (0.72–6.89)0.166
> 25 (209)4.3 (9)REFREF 
ParityPrimiparae (122)8.2 (10)1.46 (0.59–3.63)1.37 (0.39–4.83)0.626
Secundiparae (120)5.8 (7)1.0 (0.37–2.70)1.04 (0.30–3.63)0.955
Multiparae (174)5.8 (10)REFREF 
PM infectionPositive (75)12.0 (9)2.45 (1.05–5.68)2.33 (0.90–6.07)0.083
Negative (341)5.3.(18)REFREF 
Anaemic statusAnaemic (265)9.4 (25)7.71 (1.8–33.02)4.60 (1.03–20.57)0.046
Non-anaemic (150)1.3 (2)REF  
IPTp-SP dosage frequency≥ 3 SP dose (180))4.4 (8)0.40 (0.16–1.0)0.31 (0.11–0.87)0.027
2 SP dose (140)4.3 (6)0.29 (0.11–0.79)0.32 (0.11–0.93)0.036
≤ 1 dose (96)13.5 (13)REFREF 
ITN usageYes (280)6.1 (17)1.23 (0.55–2.76)1.15 (0.46–2.87)0.762
No (136)7.4 (10)REFREF 
  1. PM placental malaria infection, IPTp-SP intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy with sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine, ITN insecticide-treated nets
  2. aCounts excludes 48 women resident in Munyenge endemic foci and positive for Schistosoma haematobium
  3. bValues from confidence interval calculator
  4. cValues from multinominal regression analysis