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Table 2 Summary table of demographic, clinical and laboratory parameters in subjects with P. falciparum and non-P. falciparum malaria

From: Clinical and laboratory features associated with serum phosphate concentrations in malaria and other febrile illnesses

 P. falciparum (n = 404)Non-P. falciparum (n = 138)P
SexM: 274 (68%), F: 130 (32%)M: 79 (57%), F: 59 (43%)0.024
EthnicityAS: 79 (20%), AF: 257 (64%), C: 68 (17%)AS: 112 (81%), AF: 16 (12%), C: 10 (7%)< 0.001
Severe60 (15%)0 (0%)< 0.001
 Median [IQR]Median [IQR] 
Age35 [27–46]36 [25–50]0.988
Temperature (°C)38.0 [37.2–39.0]38.0 [37.2–39.0]0.489
Hemoglobin (g/dL)13.1 [11.7–14.5]a12.4 [10.9–13.8]0.001
WBC (× 109/L)35.3 [4.3–6.5]5.8 [4.9–7.0]0.006
Platelet (× 109/L)101 [65–152]a103 [74–154]b0.305
Corrected calcium (mmol/L)2.23 [2.16–2.29]a2.24 [2.16–2.30]c0.375
Phosphate (mmol/L)0.87 [0.60–1.12]0.93 [0.52–1.14]0.851
Sodium (mmol/L)136 [134–139]137 [135–140]0.063
Potassium (mmol/L)3.9 [3.6–4.2]3.9 [3.7–4.1]0.889
Creatinine (μmol/L)98 [84–112]90 [70–104]< 0.001
  1. M male, F female, AS Asian, AF African, C Caucasian, WBC White blood cell count
  2. an = 403; bn = 137; cn = 136. P for two-sided Chi squared tests for categorical variables and for Mann–Whitney test for continuous variables