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Table 3 Percentage distribution of uptake of IPTp-SP by respondents’ characteristics

From: Correlates of uptake of optimal doses of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine for prevention of malaria during pregnancy in East-Central Uganda

VariableNumber of respondents (n = 579)IPTp-SP dosesCrude RRR (cRRR)
None %1–2 doses %3 and more  %1–2 IPTp-SP doses cRRR [95%CI], p-value3 and more IPTp-SP doses cRRR [95%CI], p-value
n = 579% = 29.5% = 48.2% = 22.3
District
 Iganga7422.355.322.4RefRef
 Bugiri2739.737.822.50.72 [0.24─2.13], 0.5490.89 [0.39─2.01], 0.766
 Jinja7627.148.724.20.38 [0.10─1.35], 0.1330.57 [0.23─1.38], 0.204
 Kamuli8212.052.635.41.77 [0.44─7.15], 0.4162.94 [0.92─9.37], 0.068
 Mayuge8235.541.722.80.47 [0.16─1.35], 0.1590.64 [0.37─1.11], 0.111
 Kaliro2754.536.98.60.27 [0.10─0.75], 0.0130.16 [0.06─0.39], 0.000
 Namutumba6027.457.115.50.84 [0.27─2.61], 0.7570.56 [0.37─0.84], 0.006
 Buyende9740.940.119.00.40 [0.15─1.06], 0.0670.46 [0.20─1.05], 0.066
 Luuka2222.253.524.30.97 [0.33─2.83], 0.9541.08 [0.40─2.96], 0.872
 Namayingo3126.858.814.30.88 [0.30─2.60], 0.8180.53 [0.23─1.20], 0.126
Age of the womana
 16–24 years20538.238.223.60.61 [0.30–1.21], 0.1531.26 [0.54–2.96], 0.582
 25–29 years14231.852.715.5RefRef
 30–47 years23220.554.325.21.60 [0.80–3.21], 0.1822.52 [0.99–6.41], 0.053
Paritya
 1 or 219239.236.524.3RefRef
 3 or 413518.261.820.03.64 [1.77─7.47], 0.0011.77 [0.86─3.65], 0.118
 5+25228.249.821.91.90 [0.95─3.77], 0.0681.26 [0.73─2.15], 0.400
Residence
 Urban4729.748.721.7RefRef
 Rural53229.548.122.30.99 [0.38─2.56], 0.9901.03 [0.62─1.73], 0.896
Woman’s education level
 No education4741.141.018.0RefRef
 Primary34731.347.021.71.50 [0.57─3.94], 0.4001.59 [0.63─3.99], 0.319
Secondary or higher18523.352.324.42.25 [0.78─6.50], 0.1322.39 [0.81─7.05], 0.111
Woman’s occupationa
 Not Employed16134.935.929.3RefRef
 Employed –agriculture24927.652.519.91.84 [1.03─3.32], 0.0410.86 [0.44─1.65], 0.639
 Employed –non-agricultural16927.353.619.11.91 [0.96─3.82], 0.0660.83 [0.38─1.83], 0.645
Woman’s religiona
 Catholic9437.346.316.5RefRef
 Anglican20534.043.822.10.96 [0.47─1.96], 0.9190.68 [0.21─2.20], 0.512
 Muslim19126.850.722.41.47 [0.90─2.39], 0.1181.28 [0.60─2.74], 0.510
 Others8916.854.928.32.53 [1.09─5.87], 0.0312.59 [0.95─7.01], 0.062
Marital status
 Never been in union2425.751.622.6RefRef
 Currently in union51630.046.923.00.69 [0.31─1.52], 0.3491.24 [0.43─3.55], 0.689
 Formerly in union4025.762.312.02.27 [1.13─4.55], 0.2020.62 [0.23 ─ 1.64], 0.331
Sex of the household heada
 Male45127.950.921.2RefRef
 Female12835.638.525.90.59 [0.36 ─ 0.97], 0.0380.96 [0.52 ─ 1.78], 0.885
Wealth indexa
 Poorest8346.740.412.8RefRef
 Poorer14832.045.622.41.65 [1.01 ─ 2.67], 0.0442.54 [0.98 ─ 6.56], 0.053
 Middle14026.050.323.72.23 [1.29 ─ 3.88], 0.0053.32 [1.44 ─ 7.66], 0.006
 Richer13820.655.523.93.11 [1.69 ─ 5.74], 0.0004.22 [1.63 ─ 10.88], 0.003
 Richest7028.744.227.11.78 [0.76 ─ 4.16], 0.1793.45 [1.58 ─ 7.54], 0.002
Ownership of television or radio
 No30725.950.723.3RefRef
 Yes25333.945.420.70.69 [0.41 ─ 1.14], 0.1460.68 [0.40 ─ 1.15], 0.150
Health seeking decision makera
 Woman alone15325.947.626.5RefRef
 Woman and partner17725.156.718.21.22 [0.59 ─ 2.55], 0.5750.71 [0.29 ─ 1.72], 0.441
 Woman not involved18538.137.124.80.53 [0.31 ─ 0.91], 0.0220.63 [0.30 ─ 1.33], 0.223
Partners agea
  < 25 years8838.238.823.1RefRef
 25–35 years19737.443.119.51.13 [0.62 ─ 2.06], 0.6740.86 [0.36 ─ 2.09], 0.737
 35 + years29421.754.423.92.47 [1.11 ─ 5.52], 0.0281.83 [0.75 ─ 4.48], 0.184
Partner’s education
 No education3338.544.616.9RefRef
 Primary28930.148.321.61.38 [0.59 ─ 3.25], 0.4481.64 [0.53 ─ 5.03], 0.384
 Secondary or higher18428.545.925.61.38 [0.45 ─ 4.28], 0.5602.05 [0.59 ─ 7.14], 0.255
Possession of bed net
 No11330.753.515.9RefRef
 Yes46629.346.923.80.92 [0.49 ─ 1.72], 0.7901.57 [0.84 ─ 2.294], 0.153
Utilization of bed net
 No19430.453.516.0RefRef
 Yes38429.145.525.40.89 [0.52 ─1.52], 0.6581.65 [0.83 ─3.31], 0.152
Fever during pregnancy
 No16227.748.224.1RefRef
 Yes38229.848.022.10.92 [0.47 ─1.83], 0.8250.85 [0.45 ─1.62], 0.622
House sprayed with pesticide in the last 12 months to control malaria
 Not sprayed53729.547.523.0RefRef
 Sprayed4230.057.412.61.19 [0.42 ─3.38], 0.7410.54 [0.11 ─2.51], 0.424
Timing of first ANC visit
 Early ANCb18223.557.618.9RefRef
 Late ANCc39732.343.923.80.55 [0.27 ─1.33], 0.1060.92 [0.45 ─1.88], 0.807
Number of ANC visitsa
 Less than 4 times18239.539.021.5RefRef
 4 or more times39725.052.422.62.12 [1.25 ─3.60], 0.0061.67 [0.89 ─3.13], 0.109
ANC providera
 Public/Private hospital13015.956.128.0RefRef
 Lower level health facilitiesd44933.545.920.60.39 [0.19 ─ 0.79], 0.0100.35 [0.15 ─ 0.79], 0.013
Perceived distance to the health facility
 A problem27031.848.020.3RefRef
 Not a problem30927.648.424.01.16 [0.65 ─2.06], 0.6121.36 [0.66 ─2.83], 0.399
  1. aStatistically significant (90% level of confidence) at univariate multinomial logistic regression analysis and included in multivariable multinomial logistic regression analysis
  2. bEarly ANC is the first ANC visit made within the first trimester, that is within 3 months of pregnancy
  3. cLate ANC is the first ANC visit made within the second and third trimester, that is from 4th to 9th month of pregnancy
  4. dLower level health facilities that provide ANC services include Health Center IVs Health Center IIIs and private clinics