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Table 4 Multivariate multinomial logistic regression models of correlates of IPTp-SP uptake in East Central Uganda, (n = 579)

From: Correlates of uptake of optimal doses of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine for prevention of malaria during pregnancy in East-Central Uganda

VariableIPTp-SP Uptake
Partial versus noneOptimal versus none
Relative risk ratio (RRR) [95% CI]P-valueRelative risk ratio (RRR) [95% CI]P-value
Woman’s age
 25–29 years (Ref)    
 16–24 years0.73 [0.24–2.27]0.5831.30 [0.35–4.83]0.690
 30–47 years1.94 [0.79–4.78]0.1443.94 [1.16–13.34]0.028**
Parity
 1 or 2 (Ref)    
 3 or 43.45 [1.62–7.32]0.002**1.81 [0.87–3.75]0.112
 5+0.95 [0.36–2.50]0.9100.56 [0.20–1.58]0.271
Woman’s occupation
 Unemployed (Ref)    
 Employed in agriculture1.45 [0.73–2.86]0.2800.77 [0.32–1.82]0.537
 Employed in non-agriculture1.10 [0.48–2.52]0.8100.41 [0.15–1.13]0.083*
Religion
 Catholic (Ref)    
 Anglican1.05 [0.55–1.98]0.8910.69 [0.24–1.96]0.477
 Muslim1.68 [1.01–2.78]0.045**1.46 [0.71–2.99]0.297
 Others3.19 [1.37–7.41]0.008***3.35 [1.25–8.97]0.017**
Sex of the household head
 Male (Ref)    
 Female0.55 [0.29–1.05]0.070*0.85 [0.43–1.67]0.624
Wealth index
 Poorest (Ref)    
 Poorer1.25 [0.60–2.57]0.5462.04 [0.65–6.44]0.220
 Middle1.56 [0.78–3.11]0.2033.07 [1.05–8.98]0.041**
 Richer1.97 [0.79–4.88]0.1413.12 [0.95–10.26]0.061*
 Richest0.80 [0.27–2.35]0.6771.98 [0.46–8.59]0.357
Health seeking decision maker 
 Woman alone (Ref)    
 Woman and partner1.03 [0.34–1.68]0.9340.59 [0.21–1.66]0.313
 Woman not involved0.52 [0.61–0.96]0.038**0.58 [0.25–1.33]0.193
Partner’s age
 <25 years (Ref)    
 25–34 years0.76 [0.34–1.68]0.4870.79 [0.28–2.26]0.656
 <35 years1.54 [0.48–2.52]0.3501.43 [0.57–3.58]0.433
ANC provider
 Hospital (Ref)    
 Lower level health facilitya0.33 [0.15–0.76]0.010***0.29 [0.10–0.91]0.033**
Number of ANC visits
 <4 ANC visit (Ref)    
 At least 4 ANC visits2.10 [1.14–3.86]0.019**1.65 [0.97–2.83]0.065*
  1. Ref reference category
  2. ***P < 0.001, **P < 0.050, *P < 0.100
  3. aLower level health facilities that provide ANC services include Health Center IVs Health Center IIIs and private clinics