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Table 1 Summary of demographic and clinical characteristics of study participants

From: The epidemiology of Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax in East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea, pre- and post-implementation of national malaria control efforts

  2005 2013 p-value
n % n %
Number of participants 2527   2486   
Gender (female) 1331 52.7 1438 57.8 < 0.001
Age in years (median [range]) 17 [0–80]   22 [0–68]   < 0.0001
Reported use of bed nets/LLINs 2231 88.3 2348 94.9 < 0.001
History of recent malaria infection 409 16.3 137 5.5 < 0.001
History of recent malaria treatment 195 8.0 145 5.87 0.003
Anaemia 2131/2486 85.7 1719/2382 72.2 < 0.001
Current or recent reported febrile illness 186 7.4 356 14.4 < 0.001
Clinical malaria (due to P. falciparum and/or P. vivax) 92 3.6 58 2.3 0.007
  1. A more detailed comparison can be found in Additional file 2. Italics p-values are considered statistically significant (p < 0.05)