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Table 5 Multivariable predictors of households with high proportion of household members with MM-detectable infections (> 50%), adjusted for mean age in the household

From: The epidemiology of Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax in East Sepik Province, Papua New Guinea, pre- and post-implementation of national malaria control efforts

Predictors of households with a high proportion of MM-detectable infections
2005 (Nhh = 659) aOR [95% CI] p-value
Proportion of hh members reporting use of bed net 0.4 [0.2–0.8] 0.012
Moderate or severe anaemia in the hh 1.0 [0.6–1.7] 0.95
Microscopic infections in the hh 5.9 [3.8–9.1] < 0.001
Gametocyte carrier (by LM) in the hh 3.7 [1.4–9.4] 0.007
2012–2013 (Nhh = 430) aOR [95% CI] p-value
Clinical case in the hh 2.6 [1.0–6.9] 0.05
Microscopic infections in the hh 4.8 [1.4–16.4] 0.012
Gametocyte carrier (by LM) in the hh 3.8 [1.4–10.6] 0.011
Ilhaita_4 (reference) 1.0   
Sunuhu 34.9 [4.1–299.3] 0.001
Urita 1.7 [0.1–30.1] 0.733
Salata 7.2 [0.8–65.5] 0.078
Waragom 4.3 [0.4–51.2] 0.246
Jama 1.7 [0.1–30.2] 0.725
Sengo 1.8 [0.2–19.5] 0.610
Maiwi 7.7 [0.6–107.8] 0.129
Ilhaita_3 No high rate households
Malba_1 No high rate households
Malba_2 No high rate households
Yenigo No high rate households
Wapindumaka No high rate households
Wombisa No high rate households
  1. CI confidence interval, hh household, LM light microscopy, MM molecular method, Nhh number of households
  2. Italics p-values are considered statistically significant (p < 0.05)