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Table 3 Factors associated with different IPTp dose coverages among participants

From: Coverage of intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) influences delivery outcomes among women with obstetric referrals at the district level in Ghana

USING WHO CRITERIAIPTp coverage
VariableCategoryInadequate (< 3)Adequate (+3)p value
DistrictA42.657.4< 0.01
B46.853.2
C55.344.7
Facility typeHealth centre51.544.7< 0.01
Polyclinic42.957.1
Community clinic50.050.0
CHPS68.431.6
OwnershipGovernment52.347.70.05
Private46.853.2
InsuranceYes51.848.20.03
No33.366.7
Age< 2051.748.30.58
20–3551.049.0
> 3554.046.0
Parity052.447.6< 0.01
1–255.544.5
3–446.653.4
> 439.360.7
EducationNone49.350.7< 0.01
Primary/Basic52.647.4
Secondary45.854.2
Tertiary80.020.0
Marital statusSingle44.355.7< 0.01
Married49.450.6
Living together59.041.0
EmployedYes52.347.70.15
No49.150.9
Trimester at first ANC visit1st53.746.30.11
2nd50.050.0
3rd48.551.5
Number of ANC visits050.050.00.67
1–353.146.9
4 +51.248.8
Previous pregnancy complicationYes53.446.60.44
No51.248.8
Predictors of adequate IPTp doses received during pregnancy 
PredictorsCategoryAdjusted OR (95% CI)p-value 
DistrictA1.41 (1.14–1.74)< 0.01 
B1.18 (0.84–1.65)0.34 
C¥ 
Type of Health FacilityHealth center1.90 (1.22–2.97)0.01 
Polyclinic1.74 (1.03–2.93)0.04 
Clinic2.77 (1.60–4.79)< 0.01 
CHPS¥ 
Highest Education attainedNone¥ 
Primary/basic1.00 (0.80–1.26)0.99 
Secondary1.44 (1.09–1.92)0.01 
Tertiary0.41 (0.21–0.81)0.01 
Insurance coverageYes0.24 (0.09–0.66)0.01 
No¥ 
Marital statusSingle¥ 
Married0.86 (0.66–1.13)0.28 
Living together0.66 (0.50–0.86)< 0.01 
Number of ANC visits00.57 (0.35–0.93)0.02 
1–30.86 (0.71–1.06)0.15 
4+¥ 
  1. ANC antenatal clinic, CHPS Community based Health Planning and Services, WHO World Health Organization, ¥ Reference category