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Table 1 Characteristics of study respondents according to place of residence n = 3422. MMIS 2017

From: Levels of knowledge regarding malaria causes, symptoms, and prevention measures among Malawian women of reproductive age

 Total sampleUrbanRuralP-value
n (%)n (%)n (%)
Age of the respondents0.0003
 15–19703 (20.5)315 (44.8)388 (59.2) 
 20–24694 (20.3)340 (49.0)354 (51.0) 
 25–29590 (17.2)284 (48.1)306 (51.9) 
 30–34575 (16.8)293 (51.0)282 (49.0) 
 35–39436 (12.7)212 (48.6)224 (51.4) 
 40–49424 (12.3)158 (37.3)266 (62.7) 
Highest educational level<.0001
 No formal education252 (7.4)52 (20.6)200 (79.4) 
 Primary1847 (54.0)609 (33.0)1238 (67.0) 
 Secondary and above1323 (38.6)941 (71.1)382 (28.9) 
Household has radio<.0001
 No1805 (52.8)564 (31.3)1241 (68.7) 
 Yes1617 (47.2)1038 (64.2)579 (35.8) 
Household has television<.0001
 No2442 (71.4)768 (31.5)1674 (68.5) 
 Yes980 (28.6)834 (85.1)146 (14.9) 
Sex of household head   0.0367
 Male2514 (73.5)1150 (45.7)1364 (54.3) 
 Female908 (26.5)452 (49.8)456 (50.2) 
Wealth index<.0001
 Poorest/Poorer/Middle1169 (34.2)42 (3.6)1127 (96.4) 
 Richer627 (18.3)187 (29.8)440 (70.2) 
 Richest1626 (47.5)1373 (84.4)253 (15.6) 
Seen/heard malaria message0.0003
 No2200 (64.3)979 (44.50)1221 (55.50) 
 Yes1222 (35.7)623 (50.98)599 (49.02) 
Ethnicity<.0001
 Chewa977 (28.5)426 (43.6)551 (56.4) 
 Tumbuka751 (22.0)347 (46.2)404 (53.8) 
 Lomwe462 (13.5)218 (47.2)244 (52.8) 
 Yao358 (10.5)152 (42.5)206 (57.5) 
 Ngoni392 (11.5)227 (57.9)165 (42.1) 
 Other482 (14.0)232 (48.4)250 (51.6) 
Region0.5540
 Northern1176 (34.2)544 (46.3)632 (53.7) 
 Central1160 (33.9)558 (48.1)602 (51.9) 
 Southern1086 (53.9)500 (46.0)582 (54.0) 
Knowledgea<.0001
 Low972 (28.3)335 (34.5)637 (65.5) 
 Medium748 (21.9)337 (45.1)411 (54.9) 
 High1702 (49.8)930 (54.6)772 (45.4) 
  1. aCategorized based on tertiles