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Table 3 Characteristics of study respondents by malaria knowledgea among women. MMIS 2017

From: Levels of knowledge regarding malaria causes, symptoms, and prevention measures among Malawian women of reproductive age

 LowMediumHighP-value
n (%)n (%)n (%)
Age of the respondents0.0002
 15–19242 (34.4)160 (22.8)301 (42.8) 
 20–24205 (29.5)154 (22.2)335 (48.3) 
 25–29152 (25.8)142 (24.1)296 (50.1) 
 30–34151 (26.2)128 (22.3)296 (51.5) 
 35–39106 (24.3)94 (21.6)236 (54.1) 
 40–49116 (27.4)70 (16.5)238 (56.1) 
Highest educational level<.0001
 No formal education144 (45.3)56 (22.2)82 (32.5) 
 Primary613 (33.2)419 (22.7)815 (44.1) 
 Secondary and above245 (18.5)273 (20.6)805 (60.9) 
Household has radio<.0001
 No620 (34.2)408 (22.6)777 (43.2) 
 Yes352 (21.8)340 (21.0)925 (57.2) 
Household has television<.0001
 No807 (33.1)548 (22.4)1087 (44.5) 
 Yes165 (16.9)200 (20.4)615 (62.8) 
Sex of household head0.9604
 Male717 (28.5)550 (21.9)1247 (49.6) 
 Female255 (28.1)198 (21.8)455 (50.1) 
Wealth index<.0001
 Poorest/Poorer/Middle463 (39.6)275 (23.5)431 (36.9) 
 Richer183 (29.2)136 (21.7)308 (49.1) 
 Richest326 (20.1)337 (20.7)963 (59.2) 
Seen/heard malaria message<.0001
 No717 (32.6)497 (22.6)986 (44.8) 
 Yes255 (20.9)251 (20.5)716 (58.6) 
Ethnicity<.0001
 Chewa327 (33.5)219 (22.4)431 (44.1) 
 Tumbuka189 (25.2)138 (18.4)424 (56.5) 
 Lomwe116 (25.1)115 (24.9)231 (50.0) 
 Yao133 (37.2)84 (23.5)141 (39.4) 
 Ngoni89 (22.7)94 (24.0)209 (53.3) 
 Other118 (24.5)98 (20.3)266 (55.2) 
Place of residence<.0001
 Urban335 (20.9)337 (21.0)930 (58.1) 
 Rural637 (35.0)411 (22.6)772 (42.4) 
Region0.0001
 Northern294 (25.0)233 (19.8)649 (55.2) 
 Central358 (30.9)253 (21.8)549 (47.3) 
 Southern320 (29.5)262 (24.1)504 (46.4) 
  1. aCategorized based on the variable tertiles