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Table 4 Characteristics of study respondents by highest educational level among women. MMIS 2017

From: Levels of knowledge regarding malaria causes, symptoms, and prevention measures among Malawian women of reproductive age

CharacteristicsNo educationPrimary educationSecondary and above educationP-value
n (%)n (%)n (%)
Age of the respondents<.0001
 15–1913 (1.85)400 (56.90)290 (41.25) 
 20–2429 (4.18)336 (48.41)329 (47.41) 
 25–2929 (4.92)308 (52.20)253 (42.88) 
 30–3443 (7.48)311 (54.09)221 (38.43) 
 35–3944 (10.09)253 (58.03)139 (31.88) 
 40–4994 (22.17)239 (56.37)91 (21.46) 
Household has radio<.0001
 No182 (72.22)1145 (61.99)478 (36.13) 
 Yes70 (27.78)702 (38.01)845 (63.87) 
Household has television<.0001
 No240 (95.24)1573 (85.17)629 (47.54) 
 Yes12 (4.76)274 (14.83)694 (52.46) 
Wealth index<.0001
 Poorest/Poorer/Middle167 (66.27)866 (46.89)136 (10.28) 
 Richer52 (20.63)403 (21.82)172 (13.00) 
 Richest33 (13.10)578 (31.29)1015 (76.72) 
Seen/heard malaria message<.0001
 No207 (82.14)1293 (70.01)700 (52.91) 
 Yes45 (17.86)554 (29.99)623 (47.09) 
Ethnicity<.0001
 Chewa104 (41.27)538 (29.13)335 (25.32) 
 Tumbuka14 (5.56)363 (19.65)374 (28.27) 
 Lomwe28 (11.11)270 (14.62)164 (12.40) 
 Yao43 (17.06)224 (12.13)91 (6.88) 
 Ngoni25 (9.92)194 (10.50)173 (13.08) 
 Other38 (15.08)258 (13.97)186 (14.06) 
Place of residence<.0001
 Urban52 (20.63)609 (32.97)941 (71.13) 
 Rural200 (79.37)1248 (67.03)382 (28.87) 
Geographical region<.0001
 Northern37 (14.68)590 (31.94)549 (41.50) 
 Central109 (43.25)648 (35.09)403 (30.46) 
 Southern106 (42.06)609 (32.97)371 (28.04) 
  1. A composite measure of a household’s cumulative living standard. It is calculated by using easy-to-collect data on a household’s ownership of selected assets, such as televisions and bicycles; materials used for housing construction and types of water access and sanitation facilities