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Table 5 Characteristics of study respondents according to pregnancy status n = 3422. MMIS 2017

From: Levels of knowledge regarding malaria causes, symptoms, and prevention measures among Malawian women of reproductive age

 Total sampleNon-pregnantPregnantP-value
n (%)n (%)n (%) 
Age of the respondents<.0001
 15–19703 (20.5)670 (20.9)33 (15.0) 
 20–24694 (20.3)620 (19.4)74 (33.8) 
 25–29590 (17.2)543 (17.0)47 (21.5) 
 30–34575 (16.8)530 (16.6)45 (20.6) 
 35–39436 (12.7)419 (13.1)17 (7.8) 
 40–49424 (12.39)421 (13.1)3 (1.4) 
Highest educational level0.0315
 No formal education252 (7.4)244 (7.6)8 (3.7) 
 Primary1847 (54.0)1714 (53.5)133 (60.7) 
 Secondary and above1323 (38.7)1245 (38.9)78 (35.6) 
Household has radio0.6259
 No1805 (52.75)1686 (52.64)119 (54.3) 
 Yes1617 (47.3)1517 (47.3)100 (45.7) 
Household has television0.0494
 No2442 (71.4)2273 (71.0)169 (77.2) 
 Yes980 (28.6)930 (29.0)50 (22.8) 
Sex of household head<.0001
 Male2514 (73.5)2327 (72.7)187 (85.4) 
 Female908 (26.5)876 (27.3)32 (14.6) 
 Wealth index0.0042
 Poorest/Poorer/Middle1169 (34.2)1073 (33.5)96 (43.8) 
 Richer627 (18.3)587 (18.3)40 (18.3) 
 Richest1626 (47.5)1543 (48.2)83 (37.9) 
Seen/heard malaria message0.0213
 No2200 (64.3)2075 (64.8)125 (57.1) 
 Yes1222 (35.7)1128 (35.2)94 (42.9) 
Ethnicity0.6892
 Chewa977 (28.6)909 (28.4)68 (31.1) 
 Tumbuka751 (22.0)703 (22.0)48 (21.9) 
 Lomwe462 (13.5)428 (13.4)34 (15.5) 
 Yao358 (10.5)336 (10.5)22 (10.1) 
 Ngoni392 (11.5)369 (11.5)23 (10.5) 
 Other482 (14.1)458 (14.3)24 (11.0) 
Place of residence0.0026
 Urban1602 (46.8)1521 (47.5)81 (37.0) 
 Rural1820 (56.2)1682 (52.5)138 (63.) 
Region0.6803
 Northern1176 (34.4)1105 (34.5)71 (32.4) 
 Central1160 (33.9)1080 (33.7)80 (36.5) 
 Southern1086 (54.0)1018 (31.8)68 (31.1) 
Knowledgea0.7980
 Low979 (28.6)915 (28.6)64 (29.2) 
 Medium1358 (39.7)1268 (39.6)90 (41.1) 
 High1085 (31.7)1020 (31.9)65 (29.7) 
  1. aCategorized based on tertiles