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Table 6 Multinomial adjusted odds ratios and multiple linear regression of malaria related knowledgea among the adult women in Malawi

From: Levels of knowledge regarding malaria causes, symptoms, and prevention measures among Malawian women of reproductive age

 Low vs high knowledgeP-valueMedium vs high knowledgeP-valueKnowledge scorecP-value
AOR 95% (CI) AOR 95% (CI)β (SE)
Maternal age (years)
 15–192.58 (1.69–3.92)<.00012.03 (1.37–3.03)0.0006− 0.73 (0.12)<.0001
 20–241.84 (1.19–2.84)0.00641.78 (1.15–2.78)0.0107− 0.61 (0.12)<.0001
 25–291.45 (0.96–2.21)0.07911.92 (1.30–2.84)0.0012− 0.39 (0.12)0.0017
 30–341.29 (0.82–2.03)0.27131.48 (0.95–2.29)0.0816− 0.27 (0.12)0.0300
 35–391.17 (0.79–1.74)0.43821.39 (0.83–2.38)0.2031− 0.24 (0.13)0.0728
 40–491.00 1.00 1.00 
Highest educational level
 No education3.73 (2.20–6.33)<.00011.98 (1.25–3.14)0.0041− 1.17 (0.15)<.0001
 Primary2.02 (1.51–2.70)<.00011.39 (1.04–1.86)0.0274− 0.65 (0.08)<.0001
 Secondary and above1.00 1.00 1.00 
Household has radio
 No1.14 (0.85–1.54)0.38450.99 (0.76–1.28)0.9271− 0.15 (0.0816)0.0715
 Yes1.00 1.00 1.00 
Household has television
 No1.50 (1.02–2.22)0.03931.079 (0.75–1.56)0.6830− 0.12 (0.1035)0.2578
 Yes1.00 1.00 1.00 
Wealth indexb
 Poorest/Poorer/Middle1.20 (0.70–2.04)0.50781.101 (0.68–1.78)0.6919− 0.14 (0.1371)0.2995
 Richer0.87 (0.56–1.35)0.52660.916 (0.58–1.44)0.7024− 0.02 (0.1217)0.8562
 Richest1.00 1.00 1.00 
Seen/heard malaria message
 No1.53 (1.20–1.95)0.00081.23 (0.92–1.66)0.1667− 0.41 (0.07)<.0001
 Yes1.00 1.00 1.00 
Ethnicity
 Chewa1.51 (0.90–2.54)0.12121.14 (0.70–1.874)0.5953− 0.10 (0.14)0.4465
 Tumbuka0.84 (0.52–1.37)0.48760.94 (0.56–1.595)0.8266− 0.05 (0.14)0.7381
 Lomwe0.94 (0.56–1.60)0.96191.19 (0.76–1.864)0.45050.03 (0.15)0.8256
 Yao1.95 (1.10–3.46)0.02191.30 (0.81–2.069)0.26950.01 (0.17)0.9700
 Ngoni0.85 (0.47–1.54)0.59370.99 (0.63–1.56)0.9604− 0.05 (0.16)0.7407
 Other1.00 1.00 1.00 
Place of residence
 Urban0.57 (0.36–0.92)0.02280.64 (0.41–0.93)0.02050.22 (0.17)0.1780
 Rural1.00 1.00 1.00 
Geographical region
 Northern0.77 (0.50–1.17)0.21750.63 (0.40–0.99)0.04380.30 (0.20)0.1297
 Central0.87 (0.56–1.34)0.51730.80 (0.55–1.16)0.23650.04 (0.19)0.8091
 Southern1.00 1.00 1.00 
  1. β beta, SE standard error
  2. aCategorized based on the variable tertiles; ba composite measure of a household’s cumulative living standard. It is calculated by using easy-to-collect data on a household’s ownership of selected assets, such as televisions and bicycles; materials used for housing construction and types of water access and sanitation facilities; ccalculated as the sum of the 35 knowledge related variables, with 0 as the least possible score and 35 as highest possible score;