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Table 4 Differences in individual perceptions and malaria-related behaviour between 110 volunteers and 218 non-volunteers

From: What do people benefit from a citizen science programme? Evidence from a Rwandan citizen science programme on malaria control

Variables  Mean P value
Volunteers Non volunteers
Perceived severity 4.4 4.4 0.779
Perceived susceptibility 3.4 3.5 0.302
Perceived self-efficacy 4.7 4.6 0.028
Perceived response efficacy 4.4 4.4 0.960
Norms 3.8 3.7 0.152
Perceived barriers 1.5 1.5 0.114
Behavioral intention 4.8 4.8 0.364
Discussing about malaria in the community 2.9 2.3 < 0.001
Talking to neighbors about malaria and its control 2.9 2.3 < 0.001
Participating in malaria related activities (social/community work) 3.1 2.0 < 0.001
Frequency of using LLINs 4.5 4.7 < 0.001
IRS acceptance 4.9 4.7 < 0.001
  1. Mann–Whitney U test for individual perceptions (first seven variables) and Chi square test for behaviour (last five variables). The mean reported is a mean score at a 5-point Likert Scale based on six-nine statements