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Table 2 Fever in U5 children and mothers’ care-seeking practice for fever, Igabi LGA, Kaduna Nigeria

From: Rural–urban disparities and factors associated with delayed care-seeking and testing for malaria before medication use by mothers of under-five children, Igabi LGA, Kaduna Nigeria

Characteristics Rural (n = 300) Urban (n = 329) OR (95% C.I) p value
Child had fever (n = 629)
 Yes 258 (86.0) 183 (55.6) 4.9 (3.3–7.3)  < 0.01
 No 42 (14.0) 146 (44.4) Ref  
Mother sought care < 48 h (n = 441)
 No 195 (75.6) 91 (49.7) 3.1 (2.1–4.7)  < 0.01
 Yes 63 (24.4) 92 (50.3) Ref  
Had recommended care (n = 155)
 Yes 28 (44.4) 20 (21.7) 2.9 (1.4–5.8) 0.00
 No 35 (55.6) 72 (78.3) Ref  
Child blood tested for malaria (n = 155)
 Yes 28 (44.4) 20 (21.7) 2.9 (1.4–5.8) 0.01
 No 35 (55.6) 72 (78.3) Ref  
Child given drugs (n = 155)
 Yes 57 (90.5) 87 (94.6) 0.5 (0.2–1.9) 0.51
 No 6 (9.5) 5 (5.4) Ref  
Child hospitalised (n = 155)
 Yes 36 (57.1) 58 (63.0) 0.8 (0.4–1.5) 0.57
 No 27 (42.9) 34 (37.0) Ref  
    Chi Square p value
Where care was sought for fever (n = 441)
 Health facility 28 (10.8) 38 (20.8) 36.5  < 0.01
 Religious leaders, herbal 2 (0.8) 8 (4.4)   
 Pharmacy store/patent med. vendors 15 (5.8) 12 (6.5)   
 Self-treatment at home 18 (7.0) 34 (18.6)   
 Not seek help 195 (75.6) 91 (49.7)   
Type of malaria drugs given (n = 155)
 Artemisinin-based combination therapy 36 (57.1) 34 (37.0) 7.1 0.03
 Sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine 22 (34.9) 52 (56.5)   
 No anti-malarial drugs 5 (8.0) 6 (6.5)