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Table 3 Factors associated with delayed care-seeking for fever by mothers of U5 children, Igabi LGA, Kaduna Nigeria, (N = 441)

From: Rural–urban disparities and factors associated with delayed care-seeking and testing for malaria before medication use by mothers of under-five children, Igabi LGA, Kaduna Nigeria

Characteristics Delayed care-seeking OR (95% C.I) p value
Yes No
Mother’s age < 30 years
 No 164 (69.2) 73 (30.8) 1.5 (1.0–2.2) 0.05
 Yes 122 (59.8) 82 (40.2) Ref  
Type of community
 Rural 195 (75.6) 63 (24.4) 3.1 (2.1–4.7) 0.00
 Urban 91 (49.7) 92 (50.3) Ref  
Mother had formal education
 No 150 (72.1) 58 (27.9) 1.8 (1.2–2.7) 0.00
 Yes 136 (58.4) 97 (41.6) Ref  
Religion
 Islam 275 (64.4) 152 (35.6) 0.5 (0.1–1.8) 0.40
 Christianity 11 (78.6_ 3 (21.4) Ref  
Household size < 5
 Yes 127 (57.2) 95 (42.8) 0.5 (0.3–0.7) 0.00
 No 159 (72.6) 60 (27.4) Ref  
Malaria, a major health problem
 No 40 (81.6) 9 (18.4) 2.6 (1.2–5.6) 0.01
 Yes 246 (62.8) 146 (37.2) Ref  
Mother knows mode of malaria transmission
 No 27 (57.4) 20 (42.6) 0.7 (0.4–1.3) 0.30
 Yes 259 (65.7) 135 (34.3) Ref  
Mother knows mosquitoes feeding time
 No 111 (72.6) 42 (27.4 1.7 (1.1–2.6) 0.02
 Yes 175 (60.8) 113 (39.2) Ref  
Mother knows malaria symptoms
 No 54 (60.7) 35 (39.3) 0.8 (0.5–1.3) 0.40
 Yes 232 (65.9) 120 (34.1) Ref  
Mother knows how to detect if fever is caused by malaria
 No 97 (61.8) 60 (38.2) 0.8 (0.5–1.2) 0.40
 Yes 189 (66.5) 95 (33.5) Ref  
Mother knows malaria prevention measures
 No 142 (61.2) 90 (38.8) 0.7 (0.5–1.1) 0.10
 Yes 144 (68.9) 65 (31.1) Ref  
Poor malaria knowledge
 Yes 139 (69.9) 60 (30.2) 1.5 (1.0–2.2) 0.06
 No 147 (60.7) 95 (39.3) Ref  
Total 286 (64.8) 155(35.2)