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Table 4 Factors associated with caregivers of U5 children receiving a recommended care of testing fever for malaria before using anti-malarial, Igabi LGA, Kaduna Nigeria. (N = 155)

From: Rural–urban disparities and factors associated with delayed care-seeking and testing for malaria before medication use by mothers of under-five children, Igabi LGA, Kaduna Nigeria

Characteristics Test blood for malaria parasite before taking anti-malarial drugs p value
Yes No OR (95% C.I)
Mother’s age < 30 years
 No 22 (30.1) 51 (69.9) 0.9 (0.5–1.8) 0.97
 Yes 26 (31.7) 56 (68.3)   
Type of community
 Rural 28 (44.4) 35 (55.6) 2.9 (1.4–5.8) 0.00
 Urban 20 (21.7) 72 (78.3)   
Mother’s had formal education
 No 10 (17.2) 48 (82.8) 0.3 (0.1–0.7) 0.01
 Yes 38 (39.2) 59 (60.8)   
Religion
 Islam 47 (30.9) 105 (69.1) 0.9 (0.1–10) 1.00
 Christianity 1 (33.3) 2 (66.7)   
Household size < 5
 Yes 24 (25.3) 71 (74.7) 0.5 (0.3–1.0) 0.08
 No 24 (40.0) 36 (60.0)   
Malaria, a major health problem
 No 2 (22.2) 7 (77.8) 0.6 (0.1–3.1) 0.83
 Yes 46 (31.5) 100 (68.5)   
Mothers knows mode of malaria transmission
 No 2 (10.0) 18 (90.0) 0.2 (0.1–1.0) 0.06
 Yes 46 (34.1) 89 (65.9)   
Mothers knows mosquitoes feeding time
 No 15 (35.7) 27 (64.3) 1.3 (0.6–2.9) 0.55
 Yes 33 (29.2) 80 (70.8)   
Mothers knows malaria symptoms
 No 11 (31.4) 24 (68.6) 1.0 (0.5–2.3) 1.00
 Yes 37 (30.8) 83 (69.2)   
Mothers knows how to detect if fever is caused by malaria
 No 16 (26.7) 44 (73.3) 0.7 (0.4–1.4) 0.46
 Yes 32 (33.7) 63 (66.3)   
Mothers knows malaria prevention measures
 No 21 (32.3) 44 (67.7) 1.1 (0.6–2.2) 0.89
 Yes 27 (30.0) 63 (70.0)   
Poor malaria knowledge
 Yes 16 (26.7) 44 (73.3) 0.7 (0.4–1.5) 0.46
 No 32 (33.7) 63 (66.3)   
Total 48 (31.0) 107 (69.0)