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Table 1 Malaria vector control intervention and districts of application [6, 11, 29, 33]

From: Vector control for malaria elimination in Botswana: progress, gaps and opportunities

Control intervention Intervention history Districts currently applied Intervention status
IRS 1940–1998: DDT Okavango, Chobe, Ngami, Boteti, Tutume and Bobirwa Main intervention
1998–2009: lambda-cyhalothrin
2010–2016: DDT and lambda-cyhalothrin
2017: lambda-cyhalothrin and pirimiphos-methyl
2018: pirimiphos-methyl
LLINs 1992: ITNs piloted in Chobe Okavango, Chobe, Ngami, Boteti, Tutume and Bobirwa Supplementary intervention
1994–2009: ITNs roll out in endemic districts
2010–2017: LLINs Mass Distribution (every 3 years)
Larviciding 2010–2012: Piloted in Tutume and Bobirwa Boteti, Tutume and Bobirwa Supplementary intervention
2013–till date: Occasional implementation Boteti, Tutume and Bobirwa