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Table 3 Comparison analysis of diagnostic tools for imported Plasmodium species infection in Wuhan, China

From: Molecular epidemiological surveillance of Africa and Asia imported malaria in Wuhan, Central China: comparison of diagnostic tools during 2011–2018

  Nested PCR
Species P. falciparum P. vivax P. ovale P. malariae P. falciparum + P. ovale P. vivax + P. ovale Negative Total (%)
Microscopy
 P. falciparum 239 0 0 0 1 0 3 243 (82.09)
 P. vivax 0 15 0 0 0 2 0 17 (5.74)
 P. ovale 0 0 19 0 2 0 0 21 (7.09)
 P. malariae 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 6 (2.03)
 P. falciparum +P. ovale 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 (0.34)
 Negativea 6 0 0 0 0 0 2 8 (2.70)
 Total (%) 245 (82.77) 15 (5.07) 20 (6.76) 6 (2.03) 3 (1.01) 2 (0.68) 5 (1.69) 296 (100.00)
Real-time PCR
 P. falciparum 238 0 0 0 0 0 0 238 (80.41)
 P. vivax 0 15 0 0 0 0 0 15 (5.07)
 P. ovale 0 0 20 0 2 0 0 22 (7.43)
 P. malariae 0 0 0 6 0 0 0 6 (2.03)
 P. falciparum +P. ovale 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 (0.34)
 P. vivax + P. ovale 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 (0.68)
 Negative 7 0 0 0 0 0 5 12 (4.05)
 Total (%) 245 (82.77) 15 (5.07) 20 (6.76) 6 (2.03) 3 (1.01) 2 (0.68) 5 (1.69) 296 (100.00)
  1. a These included 7 RDT positive and 1 RDT negative but suspected cases