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Table 1 Sociodemographic characteristics, living conditions, knowledge, attitudes and practices of the population of Olaya Herrera Colombia

From: Community perception of malaria in a vulnerable municipality in the Colombian Pacific

   Average ±SD  
Time living in the municipality (years) 23.26 16.61  
   n % IC 95%
Sociodemographic characteristics
 Sex
  Female 87 65.41 56.68–73.44
  Male 46 34.59 26.56–43.32
 Marital status
  Married 18 13.43 8.16–20.40
  Divorced 6 4.48 1.66–9.49
  Single 56 41.79 33.33–50.62
  Domestic partnership 51 38.06 29.82–46.84
  Widow(er) 3 2.24 0.46–6.40
 Health affiliation 
  Contributory 9 6.72 3.12–12.37
  Special 1 0.75 0.02–4.09
  None 5 3.73 1.22–8.49
  Subsidized 119 88.81 82.21–93.60
 Education level 
  Illiterate 13 9.85 5.35–16.25
  Primary 40 30.3 22.61–38.90
  Secondary 53 40.15 31.72–49.04
  Technical 16 12.12 7.09–18.94
  University 10 7.58 3.69–13.49
 Occupation
  Farming 6 4.48 1.66–9.49
  Craftwork 1 0.75 0.02–4.09
  Unemployed 9 6.72 3.12–12.37
  Public employee 8 5.97 2.61–11.42
  Private company 16 11.94 6.98–18.67
  Livestock/Agriculture 5 3.73 1.22–8.49
  Home 26 19.4 13.08–27.12
  Independent 55 41.04 32.63–49.87
  Laborer 6 4.48 1.66–9.49
  Worker 2 1.49 0.18–5.29
Living conditions of houses
 Roof type
  Cement 4 3.03 0.83–7.58
  Vegetation or plant 2 1.52 0.18–5.37
  Zinc or laminate 124 93.94 88.41–97.35
  Other 2 1.52 0.18–5.37
 Wall type
  Wood 119 89.47 82.97–94.12
  Spackled or painted 8 6.02 2.63–11.51
  Only cement 4 3.01 0.83–7.52
  Other 2 1.5 0.18–5.33
 Floor type
  Tile 8 5.97 2.61–11.42
  Cement 9 6.72 3.12–12.37
  Other 117 87.31 80.47–92.43
 Electricity   131 97.76 93.60–99.54
 Garbage disposal   88 65.67 56.98–73.65
Running water   45 33.58 25.66–42.25
 Water well   44 32.84 24.97–41.47
 River/ravine   86 64.18 55.44–72.27
 Toilet   36 26.87 19.58–35.20
 Septic tank   89 66.42 57.75–74.34
 Sewage system   11 8.21 4.17–14.21
How many people live at home
  n Average ±SD %
 Children 167 1.25 1.30 24.89
 Teenagers 374 2.79 1.46 55.74
 Adults 22 0.17 0.48 3.28
 Eldery 108 0.82 1.29 16.10
How many times do you travel to other municipalities
   Average ±SD  
   4.02 6.7  
For how long do you stay out (days)
   14.42 21.42  
Why do you travel out of your home
   n % IC 95%
  They are close 1 0.75 0.02–4.09
  Family visit 46 34.33 26.35–43.02
  Work 36 26.87 19.58 –35.20
  Health 39 29.1 21.58–37.57
  Education 2 1.49 0.18–5.29
  Religion 7 5.22 2.13–10.47
  Break 20 14.93 9.36–22.11
  Other 5 3.73 1.22–8.49
Knowledge
 Have you had malaria
  Yes 81 60.9 52.07–69.24
  No 51 38.35 30.05–47.17
  Doesn’t know 1 0.75 0.02–4.12
 Any family member has had malaria more than once 
  Yes 25 18.66 12.45–26.30
  No 105 78.36 70.42–85.00
 Malaria is a health problem for you
  Yes 101 75.37 67.19–82.40
  No 23 17.16 11.20–24.63
  Doesn’t know 10 7.46 3.64–13.30
 Who should prevent malaria
  Each person 54 40.3 31.92–49.11
  Community 4 2.99 0.82–7.47
  Family 3 2.24 0.46–6.40
  Doesn’t know 20 14.93 9.36–22.11
  Other 2 1.49 0.18–5.29
  Health Secretary 51 38.06 29.82–46.84
 How do we get malaria
  Water 12 8.96 4.71–15.12
  Contaminated food 1 0.75 0.02–4.09
  Doesn’t know 16 11.94 6.98–18.67
  Other 1 0.75 0.02–4.09
  Parasites inside mosquitos 1 0.75 0.02–4.09
  Bite of any mosquito 93 69.4 60.86–77.07
  Bite of anopheles mosquito 10 7.46 3.64–13.30
 What are the symptoms of malaria
  High fever 102 76.12 67.99–83.06
  Headache 106 79.1 71.24–85.64
  Muscle and bone pain 42 31.34 23.61–39.92
  Chill 84 62.69 53.92–70.88
  Weakness and tiredness 20 14.93 9.36–22.11
  Vomiting and diarrhea 45 33.58 25.66–42.25
  Doesn’t know 18 13.43 8.16–20.40
  Other 12 8.96 4.71–15.12
Attitude
 How malaria is cured
  Going to the hospital 9 6.77 3.14–12.46
  Going to the health center 26 19.55 13.19 –27.32
  Other 7 5.26 2.14–10.54
  Taking the treatment formulated by the doctor 86 64.66 55.91–72.75
  Taking traditional medicine 3 2.26 0.47–6.45
  Taking other medicine 2 1.5 0.18–5.33
 How many known people have died from malaria
  0 106 80.3 72.49–86.71
  1 12 9.09 4.79–15.34
  2 5 3.79 1.24–8.62
  3 1 0.76 0.02–4.15
  4 2 1.52 0.18–5.37
  10 4 3.03 0.83–7.58
  15 1 0.76 0.02–4.15
  30 1 0.76 0.02–4.15
 Death was confirmed by a doctor
  Yes 12 10.62 5.61–17.82
  No 15 13.27 7.62–20.95
  Doesn’t know 86 76.11 67.17–83.63
 What test to diagnose malaria has been done
  Thick blood 37 27.61 20.24–36.00
  Blood sample 49 36.57 28.42–45.32
  None 42 31.34 23.61–39.92
  Other 2 1.49 0.18–5.29
  Doesn´t know the name 4 2.99 0.82–7.47
 You take all the formulated medicine
  Yes 124 96.12 91.19–98.73
  No 2 1.55 0.19–5.49
  Doesn’t know 3 2.33 0.48–6.65
 Agrees with fumigation at home for vector control
  Yes 118 96.72 91.82–99.10
  No 3 2.46 0.51–7.02
  Doesn’t know 1 0.82 0.02–4.48
 If you have had malaria, some health personnel have visited you
  Yes 19 14.5 8.96–21.72
  No 75 57.25 48.32–56.85
  Doesn’t know 2 1.53 0.19–5.41
  Have never had malaria 35 26.72 19.37–35.15
 Know someone who cures malaria and is not a doctor
  Yes 7 5.3 2.16–10.62
  No 100 75.76 67.53–82.79
  Doesn’t know 25 18.94 12.65–26.68
Practice
 How do you take care not to get sick from malaria 
  Filling the trenches with earth 28 209 14.36–28.76
  Organizing cleaning days with the community 5 3.73 1.22–8.49
  Draining stains 26 19.4 13.08–27.12
  Drilling objects that may contain water 6 4.48 1.66–9.49
  Using wire mesh on windows 1 0.75 0.02–4.09
  Using mosquito nets 110 82.09 74.53–88.17
  Using repellents 20 14.93 9.36–22.11
  Personal protection (clothing impregnated) 3 2.24 0.46–6.40
  Fumigation 19 14.18 8.76–21.25
  Using plastic nets on doors/windows 0 0 0
  Doesn’t know 13 9.7 5.2–16.02
  Does nothing 6 4.48 1.66–9.49
Health service perception
 Receives good health care in the medical consultation
  Yes 68 52.71 43.74–61.56
  No 50 38.76 30.31–47.73
  Doesn’t know 11 8.53 4.33–14.75
 The health secretary carries out community activities against malaria
  Yes 53 40.46 13.98–49.38
  No 57 43.51 34.88–52.45
  Doesn’t know 21 16.03 10.21–23.45
 The health secretary carries out education days against malaria
  Yes 34 25.56 18.40–33.85
  No 69 51.88 43.05–60.62
  Doesn’t know 30 22.56 15.77–30.61
 What health service do you go to when you get sick
  Health center 103 78.03 70.00–84.77
  Hospital 7 5.3 2.16 –10.62
  None 2 1.52 0.18–5.37
  Other 20 15.15 9.51 –22.43