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Table 2 Sample related prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum antigens in the study sites

From: Evaluating the potential of using urine and saliva specimens for malaria diagnosis in suspected patients in Ghana

Sample type Positive n (%) Negative n (%) Positive samples
Kotoku (n = 161) n (%) Mayera (n = 107) n (%) Oduman (n = 250) n (%) Pokuase (n = 188) n (%)
Microscopy 312 (44.2) 394 (55.8) 69 (42.8) 67 (62.6) 103 (41.2) 73 (38.8)
Rapid diagnostic test (blood)
 Total PfHRP2/pLDH detected 381 (53.9) 325 (46.0) 94 (58.4) 71 (66.4) 127 (50.8) 89 (47.3)
 Only PfHRP2 detected 362 [95.0]a   89 [94.7]a 67 [94.3]a 120 [94.4]a 86 [96.6]a
 Both PfHRP2/pLDH detected 19 [5.0]a   5 [5.3]a 4 [5.6]a 7 [5.5]a 3 [3.7]a
Rapid diagnostic test (urine)
 Total PfHRP2/pLDH detected 134 (18.9) 572 (81.1) 27 (16.7) 31 (29.0) 39 (15.6) 37 (19.7)
 Only PfHRP2 detected 119 [88.8]a   27 [100.0]a 27 [87.1]a 32 [82.0]a 33 [89.2]a
 Both PfHRP2/pLDH detected 15 [11.2]a   0 [0.0]a 4 [12.9]a 7 [18.0]a 4 [10.8]a
Rapid diagnostic test (saliva)
 Total PfHRP2/pLDH detected 217 (30.7) 489 (69.3) 49 (30.4) 57 (53.3) 68 (27.2) 43 (22.9)
 Only PfHRP2 detected 200 [92.2]a   45 [91.8]a 53 [92.9]a 63 [92.6]a 39 [90.7]a
 Both PfHRP2/pLDH detected 17 [7.8]a   4 [8.1]a 4 [7.0]a 5 [7.3]a 4 [9.3]a
  1. Kotoku Kotoku Health Centre, Mayera Mayera Health Centre, Oduman Oduman Health Centre, Pokuase Pokuase Health Centre
  2. aPercentagesproportion of total RDT positives that were either PfHRP2 or pLDH positive