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Table 5 Association of anaemia and nutritional abnormalities with falciparum malaria among schoolchildren in Bajil district, Hodeidah governorate, Yemen (2017–2018)

From: Uncomplicated falciparum malaria among schoolchildren in Bajil district of Hodeidah governorate, west of Yemen: association with anaemia and underweight

Abnormality N Falciparum malaria positivity p-value
n (%) OR (95% CI)
Anaemia*
 Anaemica 83 17 (20.5) 5.2 (2.47–10.91) < 0.001*
 Non-anaemic 317 15 (4.7) Reference
Stunting
 Yes 157 12 (7.6) 0.9 (0.44–1.95) 0.833
 No 243 20 (8.2) Reference
Wasting
 Yes 25 3 (12) 1.7 (0.46–5.76) 0.447
 No 375 29 (7.7) Reference
Underweight*
 Yes 144 20 (13.9) 3.3 (1.55–6.93) 0.002
 No 256 12 (4.7) Reference
  1. N total examined; n number infected
  2. *Independent predictors of falciparum malaria using multivariable logistic regression (AOR = 5.8, 95.0% CI 2.39–14.17; p < 0.001 for anaemia and AOR = 5.3, 95.0% CI 2.09–13.62; p < 0.001 for underweight)
  3. aA child was identified as anaemic if Hb concentration was < 11.5 g/dL