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Table 2 Demographic characteristics of confirmed malaria infections reported in Cabe Verde between 2010 and 2019, stratified by pre-epidemic, epidemic, and post-epidemic years as well as locally acquired and imported infections as classified by routine malaria programs

From: Updates on malaria epidemiology and profile in Cabo Verde from 2010 to 2019: the goal of elimination

  Pre-epidemic years (2010–2016) Epidemic (2017) Post-epidemic (2018–2019)
Malaria cases (N = 308) 95% CI Malaria cases (N = 446) 95% CI Malaria cases (N = 60) 95% CI
Imported infections—% (n) 58.1 (182/308) 53.6–64.6 5.2 (23/446) 3.0–7 93.3 (56/60) 86.9–99.7
Island—% of infections imported (n/N)
Boavista 40.0 (6/15) 14.3–65.7 0 100 (4/4)
Santiago 53.6 (134/250) 47.4–59.8 3.2 (14/437) 1.2–4.9 89.5 (34/38) 79.6–99.4
Sao Vicente 95.2 (20/21) 85.9–100 100 (7/7) 100 (6/6)
Other 100 (22/22) 100 (2/2) 100 (12/12)
Gender—% of all infections in males (n/N)
Imported 82.1 (147/182) 76.5—87.7 78.3 (18/23) 61.0–95.5 75.0 (3/4) 69.9–90.9
Locally acquired 73.8 (93/126) 66.1–81.5 69.50 (294/423) 65.1–73.9 80.4 (45/56) 26.0–100
Median age (IQR) 33.0 (25.0–42.0) 30.0 (20.0–43.0) 35.5 (27.0–41.25)
Locally acquired 28.0 (17.3–40.8) 30.0 (20.0–43.0) 14.5 (8.8–25.0)
Imported 35.0 (28.0–46.0) 33.0 (31.0–39.5) 36.0 (28.0–41.8)
  1. The total (N), percentages and corresponding 95 Confdience Intervals (95% CI) are included