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Table 1 Demographics and baseline characteristics of women by study arm in Nigeria and Kenya

From: Effect of group versus individual antenatal care on uptake of intermittent prophylactic treatment of malaria in pregnancy and related malaria outcomes in Nigeria and Kenya: analysis of data from a pragmatic cluster randomized trial

TotalNasarawa State, NigeriaKisumu County, Kenya
Intervention (n = 535)Control (n = 540)p-valueIntervention (n = 257)Control (n = 252)p-value
Age (years)
 15–1947 (8.8%)58 (10.7%)0.66357 (22.2%)60 (23.8%)0.154
 20–34453 (84.7%)442 (81.9%)185 (72.0%)186 (73.8%)
 35+35 (6.5%)40 (7.4%)15 (5.8%)6 (2.4%)
Religion (Nigeria)
 Islam256 (47.9%)398 (73.7%)0.137N/AN/ANA
 Christian, including Catholic, other279 (52.1%)142 (26.3%)N/AN/A
Religion (Kenya)
 CatholicN/AN/ANA56 (21.8%)43 (17.1%)0.041
 Other christianN/AN/A173 (67.3%)192 (76.2%)
 OtherN/AN/A28 (10.9%)17 (6.7%)
Education
 None/primary/Qur’anic280 (52.3%)329 (60.9%)0.494110 (42.8%)134 (53.2%)0.131
 Secondary/post-secondary255 (47.7%)211 (39.1%)147 (57.2%)118 (46.8%)
Marriage
 Never married/single/widowed9 (1.7%)2 (0.4%)0.05444 (17.1%)49 (19.4%)0.256
 Married/cohabiting526 (98.3%)538 (99.6%)213 (82.9%)203 (80.6%)
Literacy
 Cannot read and write232 (43.4%)240 (44.4%)0.9195 (2.0%)5 (2.0%)0.750
 Can read and write303 (56.6%)300 (55.6%)252 (98.0%)247 (98.0%)
Parity
 Zero, never given birth before166 (31.0%)152 (28.1%)0.69487 (33.9%)75 (29.8%)0.841
 > 0, no history complications297 (55.5%)306 (56.7%)131 (50.9%)136 (54.0%)
 > 0, history complications72 (13.5%)82 (15.2%)39 (15.2%)37 (14.7%)
 Missing dataN/AN/A N/A4 (1.5%)
Facility classification
 Rural213 (39.8%)162 (30.0%)0.667N/AN/ANA
 Urban/Peri-urban322 (60.2%)378 (70.0%)257 (100.0%)252 (100.0%)
Primary mode of transport
 Walk206 (38.5%)238 (44.1%)0.51394 (36.6%)112 (44.4%)0.013
 Personal20 (3.7%)33 (6.1%)161 (62.6%)131 (52.0%)
 Public309 (57.8%)269 (49.8%)2 (0.8%)9 (3.6%)