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Table 3 Malaria prevention and treatment seeking practices among community

From: Unlicensed medical practitioners in tribal dominated rural areas of central India: bottleneck in malaria elimination

Variablesn/d (%)
Prevention practices from mosquito bite
 House was sprayed with insecticide (IRS)289/1010 (28.6)
  IRS including kitchen227/289 (78.5)
 Household like IRS983/1010 (97.3)
 Household feels that IRS is effective954/1010 (94.5)
  House was whitewash (Mean ± SD) per year1.9 ± 0.7
 Household heard about insecticide treated bednets435/1010 (43.1)
 Household owned bednet571/1010 (56.5)
  No. of bednet (Mean ± SD) per household1.6 ± 0.9
Reasons for not owing/using bednet (N = 439)
 Economic321/439 (73.1)
 Mosquito not bite86/439 (19.6)
 Feel uncomfortable32/439 (7.3)
 Owned insecticide treated bednet (N = 571)438/571 (76.7)
 Bednet provided by the government agency (N = 571)438/571 (76.7)
Using any preventive measures to protect from mosquito bite873/1010 (86.4)
Sleeping under bednet regularly360/1010 (35.6)
Using mosquito repellent coil, cake, cream13/1010 (1.3)
Smoke formation by burning leaves, cow dung661/1010 (65.4)
Roping body oil236/1010 (23.4)
Cover body165/1010 (16.3)
Any one suffered from suspected malaria in 2 weeks preceding the surveya390/1010 (38.6)
Initial source of treatment sought (N = 390)
 Faith/traditional healer57/390 (14.6)
 Unqualified health providers193/390 (49.5)
 ASHA/ANM/health worker57/390 (14.6)
 PHC/CHC govt hospital58/390 (14.9)
 Private hospital25/390 (6.4)
Malaria diagnosis/treatment is available within the village599/1010 (59.3)
 Treatment was freely provided452/599 (75.5)
 Availed free malaria treatment within the village422/599 (70.4)
 Satisfied with provided free malaria treatment402/599 (67.1)
  1. n/d: Numerator/denominator
  2. aRefers to reported malaria