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Table 2 Background characteristics of study population according to malaria status

From: Determinants of the persistence of malaria in Rwanda

Background characteristicsStudy number, N = 10,891Malaria prevalence rate (%) 5.452 (P)
Sex< 0.001*
 Boy21398.22
 Girl20927.45
 Women66603.93
Age groups< 0.001*
 < 111624.99
 178410.20
 28307.46
 36898.56
 47669.53
 14–2937934.56
 30–3918003.0
 40–4910673.28
Residence< 0.001*
 Urban25932.04
 Rural82986.51
Province< 0.001*
 Kigali14021.21
 Southern28007.85
 Western24732.66
 Northern16870.59
 Eastern252911.11
Wealth quintile< 0.001*
 Very low23308.92
 Low21466.80
 Middle19805.90
 Higher18964.53
 Highest25391.45
Altitude< 0.001*
 < 170063037.85 
 > 170045882.15
Educational level< 0.001*
 No education48737.24
 Primary43024.60
 Secondary & more16882.36
 Missing28 
Slept under mosquito net< 0.001*
 Yes72174.49
 No36746.42
Season0.3031
 Dry69355.27
 Rainy39565.76
  1. 2 (P): Chi Squared P value
  2. *Index of statistically significant values for P < 0.05