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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of study children at baseline relative to gender

From: A 2-month intervention study of preventive clothing against mosquito bites among malnourished and well-nourished children under 5 years of age living on the Atlantic Ocean Coast of Lagos, Southwest Nigeria

VariableTotal (n = 102, 100.0%)Male (n = 45, 44.1%)Female (n = 57, 55.9%)
Mean (± sd)Min.–max.PercentileMean (± sd)Min.–max.PercentileMean (± sd)Min.–max.Percentile
25%Median75%25%Median75%25%Median75%
Age (m)34.8 (15.2)4.76–59.923.036.648.032.7 (16.6)4.8–59.919.231.544.036.5 (14.0)7.4–59.727.137.348.5
t-test (P-value)− 1.23 (0.11)
Weight (kg)12.1 (3.0)5.0–20.110.011.015.012.0 (2.9)7.0–20.010.011.014.012.1 (3.2)5.0–20.110.012.015.0
t-test (P-value)− 0.17 (0.43)
Height (cm)85.6 (12.0)62.5–115.677.086.094.084.3 (12.4)55.0–112.075.585.094.986.5 (11.8)67.5–115.680.086.094.0
t-test (P-value)− 0.91 (0.18)
Temp. °C36.6 (0.3)36.0–38.636.536.636.736.6 (0.3)36.1–37.636.536.636.736.6 (0.4)36.0–38.636.536.636.7
t-test (P-value)0.00 (1.00)
Hemoglobin (g/dl)9.6 (1.4)5.4–12.88.59.610.59.4 (1.3)6.3–12.88.59.310.19.7 (1.5)5.4–12.18.89.810.8
t-test (P-value)− 1.08 (0.14)
Random blood sugar94.8 (12.5)64.0–119.089.096.5102.098.5 (11.2)72.0–115.094.098.0107.091.8 (12.7)64.0–119.081.094.0100.0
t-test (P-value)2.83 (0.003)
WAZ-score− 1.31 (1.32)− 3.99 to 2.22− 2.39− 1.26− 0.42− 1.25 (1.28)− 3.86 to 1.34− 2.39− 1.33− 0.42− 1.36 (1.35)− 3.99 to 2.22− 2.39− 1.23− 0.48
t-test (P-value)0.42 (0.34)
HAZ-score− 1.98 (1.51)− 5.09 to 2.19− 3.13− 2.16− 0.86− 2.10 (1.44)− 4.3 to 1.05− 3.34− 2.12− 0.84− 1.89 (1.57)− 5.09 to 2.19− 2.83− 2.16− 1.06
t-test (P-value)− 0.52 (0.30)
WHZ-score− 0.14 (1.50)− 3.97 to 3.19− 1.18− 0.040.82− 0.05 (1.52)− 3.4 to 3.19− 1.26− 1.950.87− 0.21 (1.44)− 3.97 to 2.85− 1.16− 0.010.81
t-test (P-value)− 0.70 (0.24)
RDT +veFreq. (%)60 (58.8)24 (53.3)36 (63.2)
RDT −veFreq. (%)42 (41.2)21 (46.7)21 (36.8)
χ2 (P-value)  1.00 (0.32) 
OR (95% CI)  1.50 (0.68, 3.32) 
Dermatological findings
 Tinea
  CapitisFreq. (%)24 (23.5%)17 (37.8)7 (12.3)
  CorporisFreq. (%)16 (157%)10 (22.2)6 (10.5)
χ2 (P-value)  0.30 (0.59) 
OR (95% CI)  1.46 (0.38, 5.57)