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Table 3 Pre- and post-screening anthropometric indices of RDT-positive and RDT-negative under-five children wearing pCAM

From: A 2-month intervention study of preventive clothing against mosquito bites among malnourished and well-nourished children under 5 years of age living on the Atlantic Ocean Coast of Lagos, Southwest Nigeria

VariablePre-intervention screening
Weight-for-age Z-score (WAZ)Height-for-age Z-score (HAZ)Weight-for-height Z-score (WHZ)
Total< − 2− 2 to +2> + 2Total< − 2− 2 to + 2> + 2Total< − 2− 2 to +2> + 2
n102336811025645110288410
%100.032.466.61.0100.054.944.11.0100.07.882.49.8
All
 RDT +veFreq.6020*40*06030**291602544
%58.860.658.80.058.853.664.4100.058.825.064.340.0
 RDT −veFreq.42132814226160426306
%41.239.441.2100.041.246.435.60.041.275.035.760.0
Risk ratio (95% confidence interval)1.05 (0.59, 1.87)  0.82 (0.58, 1.16)  0.21 (0.05, 1.00) 
1st post-intervention screening
 n102228001024555210211865
%100.021.678.40.0100.044.153.92.0100.010.884.34.9
All
 RDT +veFreq.437*36*04313**30**0434372
%42.231.845.00.042.228.954.50.042.236.443.040.0
 RDT −veFreq.59154405932252597493
%57.868.255.00.057.871.145.5100.057.863.657.060.0
Risk ratio (95% confidence interval)0.64 (0.29, 1.43)  0.54 (0.32, 0.90)  0.78 (0.24, 2.49) 
2nd post-intervention screening
 n102198301024059310212882
%100.018.681.40.0100.039.257.82.9100.011.886.32.0
All
 RDT +veFreq.407*3304014233407330
%39.236.839.80.039.235.039.0100.039.258.337.50.0
 RDT −veFreq.62125006226360625552
%60.863.260.20.060.865.061.00.060.841.762.5100.0
Risk ratio (95% confidence interval)0.90 (0.39, 2.10)  0.90 (0.54, 1.50)  2.10 (0.72, 6.16) 
  1. 2 = 3.73, P-value = 0.05, OR = 2.57, 95% CI 0.97, 6.79
  2. **χ2 = 3.99, P-value = 0.04, OR = 2.31, 95% CI 1.01, 5.26