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Table 5 Pre- and post-screening clinical indices of RDT-positive and RDT-negative under-five children wearing pCAM, relative to gender

From: A 2-month intervention study of preventive clothing against mosquito bites among malnourished and well-nourished children under 5 years of age living on the Atlantic Ocean Coast of Lagos, Southwest Nigeria

VariableSub-variableTotalAllMaleFemale
RDT positiveRDT negativeRDT positiveRDT negativeRDT positiveRDT negative
Freq. (%)Mean (± sd)Freq. (%)Mean (± sd)Freq. (%)Mean (± sd)Freq. (%)Mean (± sd)Freq. (%)Mean (± sd)Freq. (%)Mean (± sd)Freq. (%)Mean (± sd)
At recruitment
 Temp. (°C)All102 (100.0)36.6 (0.3)60 (58.8)36.6 (0.2)42 (41.2)36.7 (0.4)24 (53.5)36.6 (0.2)21 (46.5)36.6 (0.3)36 (63.2)36.6 (0.2)21 (36.8)36.7 (0.5)
< 37.5100 (98.0)36.6 (0.2)60 (100.0)36.6 (0.2)40 (95.1)36.6 (0.2)24 (100.0)36.6 (0.2)20 (95.0)36.6 (0.3)36 (100.0)36.6 (0.2)20 (95.2)36.6 (0.2)
≥ 37.52 (2.0)38.1 (0.7)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)2 (4.9)38.1 (0.7)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (5.0)37.6 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (4.8)38.6 (0.0)
 Hb (g/dl)All102 (100.0)9.6 (1.4)60 (58.8)9.4 (1.54)42 (41.2)9.7 (1.3)24 (53.3)9.3 (1.4)21 (46.7)9.6 (1.1)36 (63.2)9.5 (1.5)21 (36.8)9.9 (1.5)
≥ 11.018 (17.7)11.5 (0.6)11 (18.3)11.5 (0.6)7 (16.7)11.6 (0.4)4 (16.7)11.5 (1.0)2 (9.5)11.6 (0.1)7 (19.4)11.5 (0.5)5 (23.8)11.6 (0.5)
10.0–10.923 (22.5)10.4 (0.3)11 (18.3)10.4 (0.4)12 (28.6)10.5 (0.3)4 (16.7)10.3 (0.4)6 (28.6)10.3 (0.3)7 (19.4)10.4 (0.3)6 (28.6)10.6 (0.3)
7.0–9.957 (55.9)8.8 (0.7)35 (58.4)8.8 (0.7)22 (52.4)8.9 (0.8)15 (62.5)8.7 (0.7)13 (61.9)8.9 (0.7)20 (55.6)8.9 (0.8)9 (42.8)8.9 (0.9)
< 7.04 (3.9)6.2 (0.6)3 (5.0)6.2 (0.8)1 (2.4)6.2 (0.0)1 (4.1)6.3 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)2 (5.6)6.2 (1.1)1 (4.8)6.2 (0.0)
 RBS (mg/dl)All102 (100.0)94.8 (12.5)60 (58.8)95.0 (12.4)42 (41.2)94.4 (12.6)24 (53.3)98.6 (12.0)*21 (46.7)98.4 (10.6)*36 (63.2)92.6 (12.3)*21 (36.8)*90.4 (13.5)
≥ 10038 (37.3)106.8 (5.5)25 (41.7)106.1 (4.9)13 (31.0)108.2 (6.5)12 (52.2)107.5 (5.2)9 (45.0)108.0 (5.9)13 (36.1)104.8 (4.3)4 (19.0)108.5 (8.7)
90–9936 (35.3)94.8 (3.0)20 (33.3)94.3 (3.2)16 (38.1)95.3 (2.7)9 (34.8)95.1 (3.1)8 (35.0)94.9 (3.2)11 (30.6)93.6 (3.3)8 (38.1)95.8 (2.2)
70–8925 (24.5)79.9 (5.6)13 (21.7)79.5 (5.3)12 (28.6)80.4 (6.1)3 (13.0)73.7 (1.5)4 (20.0)83.8 (5.7)10 (27.8)81.2 (4.7)8 (38.1)78.8 (5.9)
< 703 (2.9)66.0 (2.0)2 (3.3)65.0 (1.4)1 (2.4)68.0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)2 (5.6)65.0 (1.4)1 (4.8)68.0 (0.0)
Pearson’s R (P-value)0.14 (0.13)− 0.12 (0.24)0.26 (0.048)− 0.38 (0.02)0.02 (0.89)0.10 (0.52)
1st post-intervention screening
 Temp. (°C)All102 (100.0)36.6 (0.3)43 (42.2)36.6 (0.4)59 (57.0)36.5 (0.3)14 (32.6)36.6 (0.4)31 (67.4)36.5 (0.3)29 (50.9)36.6 (0.4)28 (49.1)36.6 (0.3)
< 37.599 (97.1)36.5 (0.2)41 (95.3)36.5 (0.2)58 (98.3)36.5 (0.3)13 (92.9)36.5 (0.2)31 (100.0)36.5 (0.3)28 (96.6)36.6 (0.1)27 (96.4)36.5 (0.3)
≥ 37.53 (2.9)37.9 (0.5)2 (4.7)38.1 (0.6)1 (1.7)37.6 (0.0)1 (7.1)37.6 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (3.4)38.5 (0.0)1 (3.6)37.6 (0.0)
 Hb (g/dl)All102 (100.0)10.2 (1.3)43 (43.0)9.9 (1.3)59 (57.0)10.4 (1.2)14 (32.6)9.5 (1.6)31 (67.4)10.3 (1.3)29 (50.9)10.0 (1.2)28 (49.1)10.4 (1.2)
≥ 11.031 (30.4)11.6 (0.6)10 (23.3)11.4 (0.4)21 (35.6)11.7 (0.6)3 (21.4)11.2 (0.1)10 (32.3)11.8 (0.7)7 (24.2)11.5 (0.5)11 (39.3)11.6 (0.6)
10.0–10.925 (24.5)0.4 (0.3)13 (30.2)10.4 (0.2)12 (20.3)10.4 (0.4)4 (28.6)10.5 (0.1)7 (22.6)10.4 (0.3)9 (31.0)10.4 (0.3)5 (17.9)10.5 (0.4)
7.0–9.945 (44.1)9.1 (0.8)19 (44.2)8.8 (0.9)26 (44.1)9.3 (0.7)6 (42.9)8.5 (1.0)14 (45.1)9.2 (0.8)13 (44.8)9.0 (0.9)12 (42.8)9.4 (0.7)
< 7.01 (1.0)6.6 (0.0)1 (2.3)6.6 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (7.1)6.6 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 RBS (mg/dl)All102 (100.0)93.2 (15.2)43 (43.0)94.1 (18.6)59 (57.0)92.4 (12.4)14 (32.6)101.7 (13.1)31 (67.4)93.6 (12.2)29 (50.9)90.5 (19.9)28 (49.1)91.1 (12.6)
≥ 10034 (33.3)108.1 (5.4)17 (39.5)109.4 (5.9)17 (28.8)106.7 (4.7)8 (57.1)111.5 (5.4)10 (32.3)106.4 (5.1)9 (31.0)107.4 (5.9)7 (25.0)107. (4.4)
90–9932 (31.4)94.4 (2.9)13 (30.2)93.5 (2.7)19 (32.2)95.1 (3.0)4 (28.6)92.5 (3.1)10 (32.3)95.5 (2.8)9 (31.0)94.0 (2.5)9 (32.1)94.6 (3.2)
70–8931 (30.4)81.6 (5.1)10 (23.3)83.1 (3.8)21 (35.6)80.9 (5.6)2 (14.3)81.0 (5.7)10 (32.3)81.9 (5.9)8 (27.6)83.6 (3.5)11 (39.3)80.0 (5.4)
< 705 (4.9)55.2 (24.8)3 (7.0)47.3 (31.6)2 (3.4)67.0 (2.8)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (3.1)65.0 (0.0)3 (10.3)47.3 (31.6)1 (3.6)69.0 (0.0)
Pearson’s R (P-value)− 0.09 (0.44)0.06 (0.48)0.18 (0.35)0.14 (0.25)0.08 (0.56)− 0.03 (0.82)
2nd post-intervention screening
 Temp. (°C)All102 (100.0)36.7 (0.3)40 (39.2)36.7 (0.3)62 (60.8)36.6 (0.2)17 (39.5)36.6 (0.2)28 (60.5)36.7 (0.2)23 (40.3)36.8 (0.4)34 (59.7)36.6 (0.2)
< 37.5100 (98.0)36.6 (0.2)38 (95.0)36.6 (0.2)62 (100.0)36.6 (0.2)17 (100.0)36.6 (0.2)28 (100.0)36.7 (0.2)21 (91.3)36.7 (0.2)34 (100.0)36.6 (0.2)
 ≥ 37.52 (2.0)37.9 (0.4)2 (5.0)37.9 (0.4)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)2 (8.7)37.9 (0.4)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Hb (g/dl)All102 (100.0)10.1 (1.3)40 (39.2)10.0 (1.4)62 (60.8)10.2 (1.3)17 (39.5)10.2 (1.8)28 (60.5)9.9 (1.2)23 (40.3)9.8 (1.1)34 (59.7)10.4 (1.4)
≥ 11.024 (23.5)11.8 (0.7)6 (15.0)12.1 (0.9)18 (29.0)11.7 (0.6)4 (23.5)12.3 (1.0)5 (19.2)11.6 (0.6)2 (8.7)11.7 (0.6)13 (38.2)11.7 (0.7)
10.0–10.933 (32.3)10.5 (0.3)16 (40.0)10.4 (0.3)17 (27.4)10.5 (0.3)7 (41.2)10.5 (0.2)7 (26.9)10.6 (0.2)9 (39.1)10.3 (0.3)10 (29.4)10.4 (0.3)
7.0–9.943 (42.2)9.1 (0.7)17 (42.5)9.0 (1.0)26 (42.0)9.1 (0.6)5 (29.4)8.7 (1.3)16 (53.9)9.1 (0.6)12 (52.2)9.1 (0.8)10 (29.4)9.2 (0.5)
< 7.02 (2.0)6.5 (0.1)1 (2.5)6.5 (0.0)1 (1.6)6.4 (0.0)1 (5.9)6.5 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (2.9)6.4 (0.0)
 RBS (mg/dl)All102 (100.0)90.3 (12.8)40 (39.2)91.0 (14.4)62 (60.8)89.9 (11.8)17 (39.5)92.8 (16.0)28 (60.5)91.9 (11.9)23 (40.3)89.7 (13.2)34 (59.7)88.2 (11.6)
≥10023 (22.6)106.8 (9.3)10 (25.0)107.7 (12.9)13 (18.3106.1 (5.8)4 (23.5)112.5 (20.3)8 (23.1)107.0 (6.7)6 (26.1)104.5 (4.5)5 (14.7)104.6 (4.3)
90–9931 (30.4)94.6 (2.8)13 (32.5)94.8 (3.2)18 (30.0)94.6 (2.6)6 (35.3)93.7 (3.3)7 (26.9)93.3 (2.3)7 (30.4)95.7 (3.0)11 (32.3)95.4 (2.6)
70–8944 (43.1)80.9 (5.5)16 (40.0)79.1 (5.8)28 (46.7)81.9 (5.2)7 (41.2)80.7 (6.4)13 (50.0)81.9 (5.3)9 (39.1)77.8 (5.3)15 (44.1)81.9 (5.3)
< 704 (3.9)66.0 (1.2)1 (2.5)65.0 (0.0)3 (5.0)66.3 (1.2)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (4.4)65.0 (0.0)3 (8.8)66.3 (1.2)
Pearson’s R (P-value)0.14 (0.24)0.11 (0.26)0.16 (0.24)0.15 (0.39)0.17 (0.20)0.07 (0.63)
  1. *Pearson’s correlation coefficient (r) = − 0.268, P-value = 0.006