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Table 6 Pre- and post-screening anemia status of RDT-positive and RDT-negative children before and after wearing pCAM

From: A 2-month intervention study of preventive clothing against mosquito bites among malnourished and well-nourished children under 5 years of age living on the Atlantic Ocean Coast of Lagos, Southwest Nigeria

Anemia statusMalaria statusHb at recruitmentHb at 1st post-intervention measurementtP-valueHb at 2nd post-intervention measurementtP-value
Freq. (%)Mean (± sd)Freq. (%)Mean (± sd)Freq. (%)Mean (± sd)
All102 (100.0)9.6 (1.4)102 (100.0)10.2 (1.3)− 3.170.0009102 (100.0)10.1 (1.3)− 2.640.004
No anemiaTotal18 (17.7)11.6 (0.5)31 (30.4)11.6 (0.6)Not significant24 (23.5)11.8 (0.7)Not significant
RDT +ve11 (61.1)11.5 (0.6)10 (32.3)11.4 (0.4)Not significant6 (25.0)12.1 (0.9)Not significant
RDT −ve7 (38.9)11.6 (0.4)21 (67.7)11.7 (0.6)Not significant18 (75.0)11.7 (0.6)Not significant
With anemiaTotal84 (82.4)9.2 (1.2)71 (69.6)9.5 (1.0)− 1.670.04878 (76.5)9.6 (1.0)− 2.300.011
RDT +ve49 (58.3)9.0 (1.2)33 (46.5)9.4 (1.2)Not significant34 (43.6)9.6 (1.2)− 2.240.014
RDT −ve35 (41.7)9.4 (1.1)38 (53.5)9.7 (0.8)Not significant44 (56.4)9.6 (0.9)Not significant
MildAll23 (22.6)10.4 (0.3)25 (24.5)10.4 (0.3)Not significant33 (32.4)10.5 (0.3)Not significant
RDT +ve11 (47.8)10.4 (0.4)13 (52.0)10.4 (0.2)Not significant16 (48.5)10.4 (0.3)Not significant
RDT −ve12 (52.2)10.5 (0.3)12 (48.0)10.4 (0.4)Not significant17 (51.5)10.5 (0.3)Not significant
ModerateAll57 (55.9)8.8 (0.7)45 (44.1)9.1 (0.8)− 2.020.0243 (42.2)9.1 (0.7)− 2.120.02
RDT +ve35 (61.4)8.8 (0.7)19 (42.2)8.8 (0.9)Not significant17 (39.5)9.0 (1.0)Not significant
RDT −ve22 (38.6)8.9 (0.8)26 (57.8)9.3 (0.7)− 1.850.0426 (60.5)9.1 (0.6)Not significant
SevereAll4 (3.9)6.2 (0.6)1 (1.0)6.6 (0.0)2 (2.0)6.5 (0.1)Not significant
RDT +ve3 (75.0)6.2 (0.8)1 (100.0)6.6 (0.0)1 (50.0)6.5 (0.0)
RDT −ve1 (25.0)6.2 (0.0)0 (0.0)0.0 (0.0)1 (50.0)6.4 (0.0)