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Table 1 Household and individual-level characteristics of survey participants, stratified by the presence or absence of a child under five with fever in the preceding 2 weeks

From: Factors associated with access and adherence to artemisinin‐based combination therapy (ACT) for children under five: a secondary analysis of a national survey in Sierra Leone

Variable Categories Under-five Households with fever (N = 1456) Under-five Households without fever (N = 1199)
n(%) 95% CI n(%) 95% CI
Household
 Location Urban 191 (12.4%) 10.6–14.4% 184 (14.8%) 12.8–17.0%
Rural 1265 (87.6%) 85.6–89.4% 1015 (85.2%) 83.0–87.2%
 Region of Sierra Leone North 672 (46.9%) 41.4–52.5% 368 (30.6%) 25.8–35.9%
South 371 (25.4%) 21.1–30.3% 427 (35.7%) 30.4–41.4%
East 291 (19.5%) 15.7–24.1% 236 (19.8%) 15.9–24.5%
West 122 (8.2%) 5.8–11.3% 168 (13.9%) 10.6–18.0%
 Number of household residents 1–5 430 (29.3%%) 26.5–32.2% 440 (36.6%) 33.6–39.8%
6–10 795 (54.7%) 51.8–57.5% 602 (50.4%) 47.3–53.5%
11+ 231 (16.1%) 13.9–18.5% 157 (12.9%) 11.0–15.2%
 Religion Christian 284 (19.0%) 16.2–22.2% 261 (21.9%) 18.9–25.4%
Muslim 1172 (81.0%) 77.8–83.8% 938 (78.1%) 74.8–81.2%
 Socio-economic status 1 (poorest) 508 (35.4%) 31.9–39.0% 400 (33.4%) 30.0–37.1%
2 532 (36.2%) 33.3–39.1% 410 (34.2%) 31.2–37.4%
3 (least poor) 416 (28.5%) 25.2–31.9% 389 (32.3%) 28.6–36.3%
 Ownership of bed nets Own any net 1272 (87.2%) 10.1–15.1% 1045 (86.9%) 84.4–89.1%
Net is an ITN 1214 (83.1%) 80.5–85.5% 989 (82.2%) 79.2–84.9%
Mean ITNs 2.6 2.5–2.8 2.5 2.4–2.6
Household adult respondents
 Mean age (years)   39.2 38.4–40.1 38.7 37.8–39.6
 Gender Male 684 (47.1%) 44.0–50.2% 577 (48.2%) 45.0–51.5%
Female 772 (52.9%) 49.8–56.0% 622 (51.8%) 48.5–55.0%
 Education None 967 (66.8%) 63.9–69.6% 779 (64.7%) 61.4–67.9%
Primary 173 (11.8%) 10.1–13.8% 124 (10.7%) 8.9–12.7%
Secondary/highera 279 (18.7%) 16.4–21.2% 277 (23.0%) 20.3–25.9%
Arabic/Other 37 (2.7%) 1.9–3.8% 19 (1.7%) 1.0–2.8%
 ITN use previous night Respondent 1129 (76.6%) 73.7–79.3% 913 (76.2%) 72.9–79.2%
Knowledge of malaria-related topics
 Ever hear of the illness called “Malaria” Yes 1492 (98.1%) 97.0–98.8% 1167 (97.4%) 96.1–98.3%
 At least one sign or symptom of malaria Yes 1374 (94.2%) 92.5–95.6% 1116 (93.0%) 91.1–94.6%
 All are susceptible to malaria Yes 1065 (73.2%) 70.3–75.9% 884 (73.4%) 70.3–76.3%
 At least one malaria protective measure Yes 1244 (85.2%) 82.6–87.5% 1026 (85.4%) 82.7–87.8%
 ITNs can prevent malaria Yes 865 (59.6%) 56.3–62.9% 741 (60.9%) 57.1–64.5%
 At least one antimalarial drug Yes 1268 (86.9%) 84.7––88.8% 1021 (85.1%) 82.5–87.3%
 Recommended treatment with ACTs Yes 606 (41.8%) 38.5–45.3% 527 (43.7%) 40.2–47.2%
  1. aSecondary or higher includes technical and vocational school