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Table 2 Treatment and treatment-seeking behaviors for children under-five with fever (n = 1641)

From: Factors associated with access and adherence to artemisinin‐based combination therapy (ACT) for children under five: a secondary analysis of a national survey in Sierra Leone

  Observations
n/N % Linearized SE 95% CI
Treatment seeking for fever
 Caregiver sought treatment 1038/1641 63.4 % 1.67% 60.1–66.6%
 Caregiver sought prompt treatment ( 24 h) 571/1038 55.9% 1.87% 52.2–59.6%
First treatment sourcea
 Public health facility 854/1038 82.2% 1.48% 79.1–84.9%
 Otherb 184/1038 17.8% 1.48% 15.1–20.9%
Treatment of fever
 Received any treatment 982/1038 94.6% 0.83% 92.7–96.1%
Type of treatment
 Artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) 469/982 47.6% 2.11% 43.4–51.7%
 Chloroquine 472/982 48.7% 2.19% 44.5–53.1%
 Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) 153/982 15.0% 1.37% 12.5–17.9%
 Paracetamol 770/982 78.4% 1.67% 74.3–80.9%
 Herbs 141/982 14.4% 1.36% 11.6–17.0%
 Otherc 136/982 13.5% 1.32% 11.1–16.3%
ACT treatment timed
 Received ACT same/next day ( within 24 h) 314/469 67.8% 2.33% 63.0–72.2%
 Received ACT on day 2 93/469 19.4% 2.00% 15.8–23.7%
 Received ACT 3 + days 29/469 6.0% 1.07% 4.2–8.5%
 ACT treatment time unknown 33/469 6.8% 1.21 4.8–9.6%
ACT durationd
 Took ACT for 3 days (correct duration) 222/469 47.4% 2.56% 42.4–52.4%
 Did not take ACT for 3 days 244/469 52.0% 2.53% 47.1–57.0%
 ACT duration unknown 3/469 0.57% 0.03% 0.19–1.74%
 Mean duration of ACT treatment (days)   3.62 0.80 3.47–3.78
Prompt and effective treatment with ACTe
 Children who received ACT < 24 h & Completed 3-day treatment course 137/433 31.6% 2.57% 27.3–37.4%
  1. aThe denominator is the number seeking treatment for the fever in the last 2 weeks (n = 1038)
  2. bOther sources of treatment include: Community Health workers [Community Health Worker (CHW), Traditional Birth Attendant (TBA), Blue Flag Volunteer (BFV)] = 39; Informal Health workers (drug peddler, traditional healer) = 31; Drug shops/Pharmacy = 96; private clinics/doctors = 9 and self-treatment = 9
  3. cOther drugs received include other antimalarial–mono-therapy: quinine and amodiaquine (4), antibiotics (34), antidiarrheal/ORS (17), other antipyretic (7), cough medicine (2), deworm (1), vitamins (12), iron (16), unnamed syrup (6), injection (11), routine medication (10), unspecified/unknown (16)
  4. dThe denominator is the number who received ACT (n = 469)
  5. eThe denominator is the number who received ACT and who have information on the timing and duration of treatment (n = 433)