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Table 3 LLIN care practices by collection time point, Waspam, Nicaragua (n = 165 households)

From: Evaluation of the durability and use of long‐lasting insecticidal nets in Nicaragua

Indicator Collection time point* Total
6 months 12 months 24 months 36 months
Washing Frequency, n (%)
 Ever washed 52/55 (94.5) 42 (100) 34 (100) 34 (100) 162/165 (98.2)
 > Once per month 28/52 (53.8) 21 (50.0) 14 (41.2) 10 (29.4) 73/162 (45.1)
 Once per month 17/52 (32.7) 17 (40.5) 7 (20.6) 16 (47.1) 57/162 (35.2)
 Once per 6 months 4/52 (7.7) 1 (2.4) 10 (29.4) 7 (20.6) 22/162 (13.6)
 Once per year 1/52 (1.9) 1 (2.4) 3 (8.8) 1 (2.9) 6/162 (3.7)
 Unsure 2/52 (3.8) 2 (4.8) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 4/162 (2.5)
Washing manner, n (%)
 Stone sink 34/52 (65.4) 26 (61.9) 19 (55.9) 1 (2.9) 80/162 (49.4)
 Wooden washboard 6/52 (11.5) 13 (31.0) 14 (41.2) 25 (73.5) 58/162 (35.8)
 By hand 12/52 (23.1) 1 (2.4) 1 (2.9) 8 (23.5) 22/162 (13.6)
 River rock 0/52 (0.0) 1 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1/162 (0.6)
 Unsure 0/52 (0.0) 1 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1/162 (0.6)
Soaked, n (%)
 Yes 42/52 (80.8) 37 (88.1) 29 (85.3) 27 (79.4) 135/162 (83.3)
 No 9/52 (17.3) 5 (11.9) 5 (14.7) 6 (17.6) 25/162 (15.4)
 Unsure 1/52 (1.9) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.9) 2/162 (1.2)
Soap used, n (%)
 Yes 49/52 (94.2) 42 (100.0) 34 (100.0) 34 (100.0) 159/162 (98.1)
Soap type, n (%)
 Bar or ball 40/49 (81.6) 29 (69.0) 29 (85.3) 25 (73.5) 123/159 (77.4)
 Powdered detergent 8/49 (16.3) 3 (7.1) 1 (2.9) 9 (26.5) 21/159 (13.2)
 Bar or ball, and
powdered detergent
0/49 (0.0) 10 (23.8) 4 (11.8) 0 (0.0) 14/159 (8.8)
 Liquid 1/49 (2.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1/159 (0.6)
Drying, n (%)
 Outside in the sun 43/52 (82.7) 28 (66.7) 24 (70.6) 20 (58.8) 115/162 (71.0)
 Outside in the shade 9/52 (17.3) 13 (31.0) 7 (20.6) 9 (26.5) 38/162 (23.5)
 In the home 0/52 (0.0) 1 (2.4) 3 (8.8) 5 (14.7) 9/162 (5.6)
Dried on wire, n (%) 4/52 (7.7) 7 (16.7) 15 (44.1) 7 (20.6) 33/162 (20.4)
Water source for washing LLINs, n (%)
 Drilled well 35/52 (67.3) 20 (47.6) 21 (61.8) 23 (67.6) 99/162 (61.1)
 Drinking water pipes 12/52 (23.1) 10 (23.8) 7 (20.6) 4 (11.8) 33/162 (20.4)
 River water 5/52 (9.6) 12 (28.6) 6 (17.6) 7 (20.6) 30/162 (18.5)
  1. * At 6 months, only 52 out of 55 LLINs collected had been washed, while all LLINs collected at 12 (42 LLINs), 24 (34 LLINs), and 36 (34 LLINs) months had been washed when recollected
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