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Table 4 Mean and standard deviation of malaria literacy scores by background characteristics of ASHAs

From: Assessment of ASHA for knowledge, diagnosis and treatment on malaria in Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh as part of the malaria elimination demonstration project

Characteristics Mean SD N (%) P value
Age
 ≤ 29 15.4 3.9 46 (20.9)
 30–39 16.3 5.2 144 (65.4) 0.109
 40+ 18.8 4.0 30 (13.6) 0.000
Education
 ≤Primary 13.4 4.6 36 (16.3)
 Middle 15.6 5.1 105 (47.7) 0.024
 High school 16.8 4.4 79 (35.9) 0.000
Caste
 ST 15.5 4.9 147 (66.8)
 SC 17.8 4.3 14 (6.36) 0.092
 Others (including general and other backward castes) 17.0 4.4 59 (26.8) 0.042
Primary occupation
 Home-maker 15.7 4.9 84 (38.1)
 Own farming 16.9 4.8 51 (23.1) 0.167
 Agriculture labour 15.2 4.6 51 (23.1) 0.557
 Manual labour 16.4 4.4 26 (12.0) 0.516
 Others 17.5 4.1 8 (3.7) 0.318
Rounds of training received
 ≤ 3 13.2 4.0 21 (9.5)
 4–6 16.7 5.3 72 (32.7) 0.006
 7+ 16.1 4.5 127 (57.8) 0.006
Received training on Malaria
 No 11.6 3.9 20 (9.0)
 Yes 16.5 4.6 200 (91.0) 0.000
Total 16.0 4.8 220 (100)  
  1. SD standard deviation, N total number of ASHAs
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