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Table 1 Suspected case definitions on country malaria norms and guidelines valid in 2018

From: Performance of passive case detection for malaria surveillance: results from nine countries in Mesoamerica and the Dominican Republic

Country Patient with intermittent fever, chills, sweating Current fever or recent fever (only) Current or recent fever & Living in an endemic area Current or recent fever & Travel to endemic area Other symptoms Other epidemiological factors
Belize No Yes, no time period No Yes, no period Haemorrhagic manifestation, headache, vomiting, retro-orbital pain, arthralgia, myalgia, nausea Contact with malaria case
History of medication with antimalarials
Colombia Yes Yes, last two weeks Yes, last 15 days Yes, last 15 days Headache, gastrointestinal symptoms, myalgia, arthralgia, nausea, vomit, anaemia, splenomegaly History of blood transfusions or transplants in last 30 days
Contact with malaria case
History of malaria
History of medication with antimalarials
Costa Rica Yes No Yes, last 40 days Yes, last 40 days Headache, muscle pain No
Dominican Republic Yes Yes, last two weeks Yes, last 30 days Yes, last 30 days Headache, photophobia, muscle pain, lack of appetite, nausea, vomit History of blood transfusions or transplants in last 30 days
Neonate from mother with malaria
History of accidental contact with blood with malaria
History of malaria
El Salvador No Yes, last two weeks or more than 30 days Yes, no period Yes, no period No No
Guatemala Yes No Yes, last 30 days Yes, last 7 days Headache, general malaise History of malaria
Honduras Yes No Yes, no period Yes, no period Headache No
Nicaragua Yes No No No No No
Panama Fever and chills only No No No Headache, weakness, fatigue, abdominal discomfort, myalgia, arthralgia No