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Table 3 Treatment and outcome of 265 P. falciparum infected patients receiving treatment at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases between 2015 and 2018

From: Predictors of treatment failures of plasmodium falciparum malaria in Vietnam: a 4-year single‐centre retrospective study

Characteristics Summary statisticsa
Mechanical ventilation 4.9 (13)
Haemodialysis 3 (8)
Red blood cell transfusion 5.7 (15)
Hospital acquired infection (HAI) 4.2 (11)
Patients with fever 3 days of treatment 13.2 (35)
Fever clearance times (days) 2.4 ± 1.5
Patients with parasitaemia 72 h of treatment 15.1 (40)
Parasite clearance times (hours) 53 ± 30.8
Early treatment failure 7.2 (19)
Distribution of early treatment failure  
 Vietnam  
  Binh Phuoc and Central Highland (n = 148) 4.7 (7)
  Other areas (n = 62) 12.9 (8)
 Cambodia (n = 26) 7.7 (2)
 Africa (n = 29) 6.9 (2)
 Patients with parasitaemia on day 3 with axillary temperature ≥ 37.5 °C 3 (8)
 Late treatment failure 19.2 (51)
Distribution of late treatment failure  
 Vietnam  
  Binh Phuoc and Central Highland (n = 148) 16.2 (24)
  Other areas (n = 62) 22.6 (14)
 Cambodia (n = 26) 19.2 (5)
 Africa (n = 29) 27.6 (8)
  Number of inpatient days 5.7 ± 3.5
  ICU admission 10.9 (29)
Response to treatment  
 Recovery 98.5 (261)
 Death 1.5 (4)
  1. a%(N) for categorical variables and Mean ± SD for continuous variables