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Table 5 Association between patterns of malaria infection and demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Predictors of treatment failures of plasmodium falciparum malaria in Vietnam: a 4-year single‐centre retrospective study

Characteristicsa Severe malaria
(n = 58)
Uncomplicated malaria
(n = 207)
P value* OR (CI)
Age (years) 37.3 ± 14.2 34.7 ± 12.7 0.17  
Male 82.8 (48) 83.6 (173) 0.9  
BMI 21.5 ± 3.3 21.4 ± 3 0.87  
Number of days of illness 6.8 ± 4.4 6.3 ± 5.2   
Receiving treatment in previous hospital 16 (27.6%) 26 (12.6%) < 0.001 2.7 (1.3–5.3)
Acquiring malaria before 2017 46.6 (27) 44 (91) 0.72  
Pregnancy 1.7 (1) 0.5 (1) 0.3  
Fever on admission 100 (58) 99.5 (206) 0.6  
Hepatomegaly 31 (18) 4.3 (9) < 0.001 9.9 (4.2–23.6)
Splenomegaly 5.2 (3) 2.4 (5) 0.3  
Anaemia 1.7 (1) 0.5 (1) 0.3  
Number of inpatient days 7.8 ± 4.2 5 ± 3 < 0.001  
  1. a%(N) for categorical variables and Mean ± SD for continuous variables
  2. *Chi-squared test for categorical variables and student t test for continuous variables