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Table 4 Financial and economic costs of Lao PDR electronic surveillance intervention and provider mobile reporting intervention

From: Costing electronic private sector malaria surveillance in the Greater Mekong Subregion

Cost category Total costs %
Financial costs
 Start-up
  System design and configuration (DHIS2) $5768 5.5%
  Piloting (DHIS2) $595 0.4%
  Training (DHIS2) $7473 4.7%
  Server set-up $150 0.1%
  Surveillance bulletin design $5107 3.2%
  MCS App design and development $27,362 16.9%
  MCS App piloting $5659 3.5%
  MCS App training for providers $8281 5.2%
 Sub-total start-up $63,250 39.5%
 Capital
  Hardware (desktops) $2400 1.5%
  Equipment (tablets for field officers) $4800 3.0%
 Sub-total capital $7200 4.5%
 Recurrent
  DHIS2 maintenance and routine upgrades $8245 5.1%
Server hosting $5976 3.7%
  MCS App maintenance and routine upgrades $12,877 8.0%
  Monthly mobile data packages $8640 5.4%
  Paper-based data entry $7445 4.6%
  Provider BCC and supervision $44,490 28.0%
  Monitoring and evaluation $1750 1.1%
 Sub-total recurrent $89,873 56.1%
 Total costs $160,323 100%
  Annual costs $53,441 N/A
  Annual cost per private provider (n = 432) $124 N/A
  Annual cost per private provider reporting by mobile (n = 250) $214 N/A
Economic costs
 Startup cost
  System design and configuration (DHIS2) $168,446 36.8%
  Piloting (DHIS2) $631 0.1%
  Training (DHIS2) $13,243 2.9%
  Server set-up $159 0.0%
  Surveillance bulletin design $5415 1.2%
  MCS App design and development $28,781 6.2%
  MCS App piloting $6001 1.3%
  MCS App training for providers $10,156 2.2%
 Sub-total startup $232,833 50.8%
 Capital   
  Hardware (desktops) $2545 0.6%
  Equipment (tablets for field officers) $5090 1.1%
  Equipment (provider smartphones) $39,767 8.7%
 Sub-total capital (annual) $47,402 10.3%
 Recurrent
  DHIS2 maintenance and routine upgrades $8245 1.8%
  DHIS2 software upgrades $30,000 6.5%
  Server hosting $5976 1.3%
  MCS App maintenance and routine upgrades $12,877 2.8%
  Monthly mobile data packages $12,177 2.7%
  Paper-based and electronic data entry $62,215 13.6%
  Provider BCC and supervision $44,940 9.8%
  Monitoring and evaluation $1750 0.4%
 Sub-total recurrent $178,179 38.9%
 Total costs $458,414 100%
  Annual costs $152,805 N/A
  Annual cost per private provider (n = 432) $354 N/A
  Annual cost per private provider reporting by mobile (n = 250) $611 N/A